datAcron Ontology

Working Draft

Latest Version:
http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron# (RDF/XML)
Last Update:
Date: 23:54:32 30/04/2017 UTC
Editors:
Georgios M. Santipantakis, George A. Vouros
Authors:
Georgios M. Santipantakis, George A. Vouros, Apostolos Glenis, Christos Doulkeridis, Akrivi Vlachou
Contributors:
See Aknowledgements


Imported Ontologies:

http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
http://www.w3.org/ns/ssn/

Abstract

Motivated by real-life emerging needs in critical domains, this ontology provides a coherent and generic representation of semantic trajectories, in association with related events and contextual information. The main contribution of this ontology is the representation of semantic trajectories at different levels of spatiotemporal analysis. This version currently focus on aviation and maritime conceptualizations.

Table of Content

This is a work in progress and as such is subject to change. Comments are very welcome, please send them to First Author.
  1. Introduction
  2. The datAcron Ontology
  3. Exemplification
  4. datAcron Ontology at a Glance
  5. Cross-reference for NAME classes
  6. Cross-reference for NAME properties
  7. Named Individuals
  8. Namespace Declarations

Appendices

  1. References

Intoduction

Many critical domains w.r.t. economy and safety, such as the Maritime and the Aviation domains, where Situation Awareness (MSA) and Air Traffic Management (ATM), respectively, are of importance, require analysis of moving objects’ behaviour over time: Challenges concern effective detection and forecasting of moving entities’ trajectories, as well as recognition and prediction of important events by exploiting information about entities’ behaviour and contextual data. Due to these needs, semantic trajectories are turned into “first-class citizens”, forming a paradigm shift towards operations that are built and revolve around the notion of trajectory. Our work focuses on trajectories and aims to build solutions towards managing data that are connected via, and contribute to enriched views of trajectories: Doing so, we revisit the notion of semantic trajectory and build on it. Specifically, it is expected that we will be able torepresent, store and manipulate the wealth ofinformation available in disparate and heterogeneous data sources, integrated in arepresentation where trajectories are the main entities, towards computing meaningfulmoving patterns so as to recognize and predict the behaviour and states ofmoving objects. Therefore, motivated by real-life emerging needs in MSA and ATM domains, this paper proposes a coherent and generic ontology for the representation of semantic trajectories, in association with related events and contextual information.The main contribution of the proposedontology is the representation of semantic trajectories at different levels ofspatio-temporal analysis: Trajectories may be seen as temporal sequences of moving objects’ positions derived from raw data, of mere geometries, oftemporal sequences of raw data aggregations signifying meaningful events(generalizing on the stops and moves model [8]), providing a synoptic view of raw trajectories [7], and as temporal sequences of non-overlapping meaningfultrajectories segments (each revealing specific behaviour, event, goal, activityetc). Representations at any such level of analysis should be linked to each other, as well as to contextual information and co-occurring events: These are important features for performing informed analysis tasks at different levels of detail/analysis, consulting raw data and/or semantic information associated with it.


Existing approaches for the representation of semantic trajectories either (a) use plain textual annotations instead of semantic links to other entities [1], [2], [3], hindering the provision of a fully-fledged representation where trajectories are semantically linked with other data or with semantic resources associated with moving objects’ behaviour; (b) constrain the types of events that can be used for structuring a trajectory [1], [2]; or (c) make assumptions on the constituents of trajectories [3], [6], [4] (e.g. semantic trajectories in [3] are sequences of sub-trajectories, while in [4] are sequences of episodes). To a greater extent than previous proposals, the proposed ontologysupports the representation of trajectoriesat multiple, interlinked levels of analysis: For instance, although [4] provides a rich set of constructs for the representation of semantic trajectories, these are sequences of episodes, each associated with raw trajectory data, and optionally, with a spatio-temporal model of movement. However, there is no fine association between abstract models of movements and raw data. On the other hand, [3] provides a two-levels analysis where semantic trajectories are lists of semantic sub-trajectories, and each sub-trajectory in its own turn is a list of semantic points. Regarding events and episodes, these are connected to specific resources at specific levels of analysis: In [3] events -mostly related to the environment rather than to the trajectory itself- are connected to points only (something that may lead to ambiguities in some cases), while in [4] episodes concern things happening in the trajectory itself, and may be associated to specific models of movement: It is not clear how multiple models of a single trajectory -each at a different level of analysis- connected to a single episode, are associated. Finally, contextual information in [4] is related to movement models, episodes or semantic trajectories, which is quite generic, while in [3] environment attributes are associated to points only, and are assigned specific values.

The datAcron Ontology

The datAcron ontology was developed by group consensus over a period of 12 months following the HCOME methodology [5]. It has been designed to be used as a core ontology for the MSA and ATM domains, following a data-driven approach towards supporting analysis tasks. Its development has been driven by ontologies related to our objectives (e.g. DUL, SimpleFeature, NASA Sweet and SSN) as well as schemas and specifications regarding data sources from the different domains.
The main concepts and properties in the datAcron ontology regarding trajectories, are depicted in Figure 1. Starting from the definitions about raw, structured and semantic trajectories provided in [7], araw trajectory is a temporal sequence of raw data specifying the moving object’s spatio-temporal positions. Raw data can be aggregated, analyzed and semantically annotated, providing multiple abstractions of a trajectory. A maximal sequence of raw data that comply with a given pattern, define anepisode. In this work we focus onevents as a generalisation of episodes, taking also into consideration -in conjunction to movement data-contextual information (i.e. any information -mostly about the environment of an object- that affects its movement). Events represent specific, aggregated or abstract happenings instantiating an event pattern (whose description is not part of the ontology) and are distinguished to low-level events regarding information about a single trajectory, isolated from its context, andhigh-level events regarding information from multiple objects’ trajectories and/or contextual information. Each event is associated with one or more moving objects, and it has spatial, temporal and domain-specific properties.

A semantic trajectory consists of a sequence of temporally non-overlapping trajectory parts that can be eithersemantic nodes, raw positions reported from sensing devises, or trajectory segments. Each trajectory part may be associated to a specificgeometry, representing a point or region of occurrence, and atemporal entity specifying an instant or time interval of occurrence. A semantic node provides a meaningful abstraction or aggregation of raw positions. E.g. a set of raw positions may signify a “turn” event: This set can be represented as a single semantic node, associated to a low-level event of type “turn”. Each semantic node or trajectory segment, may be associated with any trajectory part at a finer level of analysis; e.g. with a set of raw positions representing a “turn” or the last and first point of a “gap of communication”. Atrajectory segment is a trajectory itself, part of a whole trajectory. Segmentation of trajectories can be done with different objectives depending on the application and target analysis. A structured trajectory is a meaningful sequence of non-overlapping semantic trajectory parts. Any trajectory part may be associated with an event that co-occurs with it spatially and/or temporally: E.g. A bad weather region may co-occur with a trajectory crossing-it (thus, related spatially) during a time period (related temporally). It must be pointed out that each trajectory part can be associated with different trajectories of the same moving object: E.g. with the planned and with the actual trajectory of that object.


PIC

Fig. 1: The main concepts and relations of the proposed ontology.


According to the above specifications, and as Figure 1 shows, a trajectory -for instance- can be segmented to non-overlapping semantic trajectory segments, each corresponding to one or more semantic nodes. Each semantic node may be associated with a specific raw position or a temporally ordered sequence of raw positions of a moving object. Trajectory parts can be associated with contextual information, and they can be associated with events that happen independently from the trajectory but co-occur with the trajectory affecting the moving object’s behaviour. In such a representation, one may consider a trajectory either as a list of non-overlapping trajectory segments, or as lists of semantic nodes, or even lists of raw trajectory data, or as a simple geometric object occurring in a specific time interval, also considering different mixtures of these levels of analysis, depending on analysis needs. Furthermore, it must be noticed that the notion of event comprises happenings due to the trajectory itself (e.g. a “gap of communication”) also in conjunction to contextual information (e.g. vessel in a protected or in a bad-weather area). Such events, associated to constructs at any level of abstraction can be further inspected and justified by information at lower-levels of analysis, or be further abstracted and generalised to more abstract levels.

Exemplification

One of the simple queries that could be constructed, is to retrieve all the archived sector configurations, the airspaces affected, the time period and the corresponding capacities. The following listing demonstrates the query in SPARQL:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT  WHERE { 
  ?c a :FM_Configuration ; 
  :hasCapacity ?capacity ; 
  :configurationOfAirspace ?airspace ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeStart ?start ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeEnd ?end. 
} ORDER BY ?start

Since capacity value "999" indicates “undefined capacity”, we can improve the above query with a FILTER operator, e.g.

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT  WHERE { 
  ?c a :FM_Configuration ; 
  :hasCapacity ?capacity ; 
  :configurationOfAirspace ?airspace ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeStart ?start ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeEnd ?end. 
  FILTER(?capacity !="999") } ORDER BY ?start

Obviously, the above query can be further restricted to a specific airspace, configuration or time window. For example, a query requesting all the archived sector configurations for airspace :Airspace_LSAGCTA, is:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT  WHERE{ 
  ?c a :FM_Configuration ; :hasCapacity ?capacity ; 
  :configurationOfAirspace :Airspace_LSAGCTA ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeStart ?start ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeEnd ?end. 
} ORDER BY ?start

The above query returns 2049 results since the airspace :Airspace_LSAGCTA is the most frequently configured airspace in our archived triples. Indeed, a query that retrieves the frequency of configurations applied on all airspaces, would be:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT (count(?x) as ?count) ?s WHERE { 
  ?x :configurationOfAirspace ?s ; :hasCapacity ?capacity . 
  FILTER(?capacity !="999") 
} GROUP BY ?s ORDER BY DESC(?count)

Finally, a query that requests the sector configurations that hold for a specific time window, e.g. between 2016-04-28T00:00:00 and 2016-04-28T05:00:00, will be:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT ?c ?capacity WHERE { 
  ?c a :FM_Configuration ; :hasCapacity ?capacity ; 
  :configurationOfAirspace :Airspace_LSAGCTA ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeStart ?start ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeEnd ?end. 
  FILTER(str(?start)>"2016-04-28T00:00:00" && 
    str(?end)<"2016-04-28T05:00:00") 
} ORDER BY ?start

Please notice that in this example we use a string comparison to the values of ?start and ?end. Another approach can be using the xsd namespace1 , as indicated in the Virtuoso guide2

One of the core concepts in the datAcron ontology is the trajectory and its parts, i.e. trajectory segments or nodes. A query for the URIs of regulated flights, departure, destination and their intended trajectories in SPARQL will be:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT DISTINCT  WHERE { 
  ?x a :FM_RTFM ; :departureAirport ?dep ; 
  :destinationAirport ?dest ; :reportsTrajectory ?t . 
  ?t dul:hasConstituent/:hasWKT ?geom 
} LIMIT 100

Please, notice that the property path dul:hasConstituent/:hasWKT in this example returns the well-known-text (WKT) of the geometry of each trajectory, i.e. there is no need to traverse the semantic nodes of each trajectory in order to construct the geometry of the trajectory. Specifically, the above query restricted for the intended trajectory of the flight plan :flight_plan_AA51136505, will be:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT DISTINCT  WHERE { 
  :flight_plan_AA51136505 a :FM_RTFM ; 
  :departureAirport ?dep ; 
  :destinationAirport ?dest ; 
  :reportsTrajectory ?t . 
?t dul:hasConstituent/:hasWKT ?geom 
}

The trajectory in the result, departures from the airport of Beograd Surcin and arrives at “Charles De Gaulle” of Paris, as illustrated in the following figure 2


traj1

Fig. 2: The intended trajectory of the flight plan AA51136505


The trajectory parts can be either a sequence of segments or a sequence of nodes. Each segment can also be a sequence of segments or nodes and so on. A trajectory is related with its parts with the property :hasPart which is sub-property of the transitive property dul:hasPart. For example, we can get the position, time instance, and any other linked information of each semantic node of a trajectory (e.g. :traj_AA51114077_20160401003000), using the query:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT ?node ?time ?position WHERE { 
  :traj_AA51114077_20160401003000 :hasPart ?node . 
  ?node dul:hasConstituent/:TimeStart ?time ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:hasWKT ?position ; ?p ?o 
}ORDER BY ?time

where ?p will return any links asserted for each ?node and ?o, (e.g. such as nearby weather conditions or spatial relations).

The spatio-temporal information of each trajectory or trajectory part, we can be further employed in spatio-temporal queries, using the predefined in the triple store functions. For example, to retrieve all the vessels that had been (at some time) within a range of 5Km from the point (13.139045 44.466133), we can submit the following query:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT ?vessel ?time ?wkt ?speed ?event ?weather WHERE { 
  ?s1 a :Node ; 
  :ofMovingObject ?vessel ; 
  :hasSpeed ?speed ; 
  OPTIONAL{:occurs ?event ;} 
  OPTIONAL{:hasWeatherCondition ?weather ;} 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeStart ?time ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:hasWKT ?wkt . 
  FILTER(bif:st_distance( 
  bif:st_geomfromtext ("POINT(13.139045 44.466133)"), 
        bif:st_geomfromtext(?wkt))<=5) 
}

where bif:st_distance() computes the distance between two geometries, and bif:st_geomfromtext() constructs the geometry from its WKT value. The above query further more requests (optionally) events linked to each node and weather conditions.

We can also filter the temporal values of nodes, i.e. using the variable ?time in FILTER expressions. For example, to retrieve only those vessels that had been around the point 13.139045 44.466133 and between "2016-01-08 14:12:41" and "2016-01-08 16:12:41", the query will be:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
PREFIX xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> 
SELECT ?vessel ?time ?wkt WHERE { 
  ?s1 a :Node ; 
  :ofMovingObject ?vessel ; 
  OPTIONAL{:occurs ?event ;} 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeStart ?time ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:hasWKT ?wkt . 
  FILTER(bif:st_distance( 
    bif:st_geomfromtext ("POINT(13.139045 44.466133)"), 
        bif:st_geomfromtext(?wkt))<=5 && 
                xsd:dateTime(substr(?time,1,19))<xsd:dateTime("2016-01-0816:12:41") && 
                xsd:dateTime(substr(?time,1,19))>xsd:dateTime("2016-01-0814:12:41") 
        ) 
}

A similar spatial query, is to retrieve all the semantic nodes of vessels that have crossed a specific area. In this case, the geometry of the area of interest is also required, i.e. it can be any geometry related to a resource in the store (e.g. a Natura2000 region), or it can be manually defined as a Well-Known-Text. For example, the following query will retrieve all the vessels within an area defined by "POLYGON((10 50,15 50,15 40,10 40,10 50))", for "2016-01-08":

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
PREFIX xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> 
SELECT ?vessel ?time ?wkt WHERE { 
  ?s a :Node ; 
  :ofMovingObject ?vessel ; 
  :hasSpeed ?speed ; 
  :hasHeading ?heading ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeStart ?time ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:hasWKT ?wkt . 
  FILTER(bif:st_intersects (bif:st_geomfromtext ( 
    "POLYGON((1050,1550,1540,1040,1050))" ), 
        bif:st_geomfromtext(?wkt)) && 
        xsd:dateTime(substr(?time,1,10))=xsd:dateTime("2016-01-08") 
        ) 
}

A refinement of the above query, will be the retrieval of all the semantic nodes in the area of interest, for a specific day/time (or interval), and for a specific vessel. For example, we can request the semantic nodes of vessel :ves209996000, and the status of the vessel at each semantic node, for the above area and any time after "2016-01-08", ordered by ?time:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
PREFIX xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> 
SELECT ?time ?status ?wkt WHERE { 
  ?s a :Node ; 
  :ofMovingObject :ves209996000 ; 
  :hasSpeed ?speed ; 
  :occurs ?event ; 
  :hasHeading ?heading ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:TimeStart ?time ; 
  dul:hasConstituent/:hasWKT ?wkt . 
  FILTER(bif:st_intersects ( 
  bif:st_geomfromtext ( 
    "POLYGON((10 50,15 50,15 40,10 40,10 50))" ), 
     bif:st_geomfromtext(?wkt)) && 
         xsd:dateTime(substr(?time,1,10))>=xsd:dateTime("2016-01-08") 
   ) 
} ORDER BY ?time

Another example query, is the retrieval of sector configurations with the activated airblocks:

PREFIX : <http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#> 
PREFIX rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> 
PREFIX dul: <http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#> 
SELECT ?conf ?airbl ?g WHERE { 
        ?airbl a :FM_Airblock . ?x dul:hasPart ?b . 
        ?x dul:isPartOf ?y . ?conf :configurationOfAirspace ?y . 
        ?b dul:hasConstituent/:hasGeometry ?g 
}

The result set can be exported to CSV and given the serialized geometries of airblocks, the sector configurations can be visualized in any GIS software.

datAcron Ontology at a Glance

An alphabetical index of NAME terms, by class (concepts) and properties are given below. All the terms are hyperlinked to their detailed description for quick reference.

Cross-reference for NAME classes

a d r boundary waypointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ADRBoundaryWaypoint

has super-classes
waypointc

a d r ref waypointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ADRRefWaypoint

has super-classes
waypointc

a t c accident caused regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_AccidentCausedRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

A: Accident / incident

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c aerodrome capacity regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_AerodromeCapacityRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

G: Aerodrome capacity

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c airport falicilities limitation regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_AirportFalicilitiesLimitationRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

87: Airport Facilities, parking stands, ramp congestion, buildings, gate limitations, ...

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c airspace management regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_AirspaceManagementRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

M: Airspace management

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c capacityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_Capacity

Authors:
datAcron-project

C: ATC capacity regulation

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c de icing regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_DeIcingRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

D: De-Icing

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c environmental issue regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_EnvironmentalIssueRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

V: Environmental issue like noise

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c equipmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_Equipment

Authors:
datAcron-project

T: ATC equipment

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c immigration customs health regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_ImmigrationCustomsHealthRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

86: Immigration, Customs, Health

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c industrial actionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_IndustrialAction

Authors:
datAcron-project

I: ATC industrial action

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c other regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_OtherRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

O: Other

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c other regulation at destinationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_OtherRegulationAtDestination

Authors:
datAcron-project

88: Restrictions at airport of destination, airport/runway closed due obstruction, industrial action, staff shortage, political unrest, noise abatement, night curfew, special flights, ...

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c restriction at departure regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_RestrictionAtDepartureRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

89: Restrictions at airport of departure, airport/runway closed due obstruction, industrial action, staff shortage, political unrest, noise abatement, night curfew, special flights, start-up and pushback, ...

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c restriction at destination regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_RestrictionAtDestinationRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

83: ATC restriction at destination

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c restriction regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_RestrictionRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

81: ATC restriction en-route or capacity

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c restriction staff shortage regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_RestrictionStaffShortageRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

82: ATC restriction due to staff shortage or equipment failure en-route

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c restriction weather at destination regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_RestrictionWeatherAtDestinationRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

84: ATC restriction due to weather at destination

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c routingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_Routing

Authors:
datAcron-project

R: ATC routing

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c security regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_SecurityRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

85: Mandatory security

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c special event regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_SpecialEventRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

P: Special event

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c staffinc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_Staffin

Authors:
datAcron-project

S: ATC staffin

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c weather alternate regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_WeatherAlternateRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

73: Weather en route and alternate

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t c weather regulationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATC_WeatherRegulation

Authors:
datAcron-project

W: Weather

has super-classes
f m regulationc

a t s routec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ATSRoute

has super-classes
aviation routec

Abstractc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Abstract

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any Entity that cannot be located in space-time. E.g. mathematical entities: formal semantics elements, regions within dimensional spaces, etc.

has super-classes
Entityc
has sub-classes
Formal entityc, Regionc
is disjoint with
Eventc, Objectc, Qualityc

accommodation bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Accommodation_Barge

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

accommodation jack upc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Accommodation_Jack_Up

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

accommodation platformc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Accommodation_Platform

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

accommodation shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Accommodation_Ship

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

accommodation vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Accommodation_Vessel

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

Actionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Action

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

An Event with at least one Agent that isParticipantIn it, and that executes a Task that typically isDefinedIn a Plan, Workflow, Project, etc.

has super-classes
Eventc
has participantopsome Agentc
executes taskopmin 1
is in domain of
executes taskop, is action included inop
is in range of
includes actionop, is executed inop

actual trajectoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ActualTrajectory

Authors:
datAcron-project

A trajectory built upon the actual (raw or aggregated) sequence of positions of the moving object

has super-classes
trajectoryc
has sub-classes
closed trajectoryc, open trajectoryc

aerodrome class ac back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AerodromeClassA

Authors:
datAcron-project

All operations must be conducted under IFR. All aircraft are subject to ATC clearance. All flights are separated from each other by ATC.

has super-classes
aerodromec

aerodrome class bc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AerodromeClassB

Authors:
datAcron-project

Operations may be conducted under IFR, SVFR, or VFR. All aircraft are subject to ATC clearance. All flights are separated from each other by ATC.

has super-classes
aerodromec

aerodrome class cc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AerodromeClassC

Authors:
datAcron-project

Operations may be conducted under IFR, SVFR, or VFR. All aircraft are subject to ATC clearance (country-specific variations notwithstanding). Aircraft operating under IFR and SVFR are separated from each other and from flights operating under VFR, but VFR flights are not separated from each other. Flights operating under VFR are given traffic information in respect of other VFR flights.

has super-classes
aerodromec

aerodrome class dc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AerodromeClassD

Authors:
datAcron-project

Operations may be conducted under IFR, SVFR, or VFR. All flights are subject to ATC clearance (country-specific variations notwithstanding). Aircraft operating under IFR and SVFR are separated from each other, and are given traffic information in respect of VFR flights. Flights operating under VFR are given traffic information in respect of all other flights.

has super-classes
aerodromec

aerodrome class ec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AerodromeClassE

Authors:
datAcron-project

Operations may be conducted under IFR, SVFR, or VFR. Aircraft operating under IFR and SVFR are separated from each other, and are subject to ATC clearance. Flights under VFR are not subject to ATC clearance. As far as is practical, traffic information is given to all flights in respect of VFR flights.

has super-classes
aerodromec

aerodrome class fc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AerodromeClassF

Authors:
datAcron-project

Operations may be conducted under IFR or VFR. ATC separation will be provided, so far as practical, to aircraft operating under IFR. Traffic Information may be given as far as is practical in respect of other flights.

has super-classes
aerodromec

aerodrome class gc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AerodromeClassG

Authors:
datAcron-project

Operations may be conducted under IFR or VFR. ATC has no authority but VFR minimums are to be known by pilots. Traffic Information may be given as far as is practical in respect of other flights.

has super-classes
aerodromec

Agentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Agent

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Additional comment: a computational agent can be considered as a PhysicalAgent that realizes a certain class of algorithms (that can be considered as instances of InformationObject) that allow to obtain some behaviors that are considered typical of agents in general. For an ontology of computational objects based on DOLCE see e.g. http://www.loa-cnr.it/COS/COS.owl, and http://www.loa-cnr.it/KCO/KCO.owl.

is equivalent to
Physical agentcor Social agentc
has super-classes
Objectc
has sub-classes
Personc, Physical agentc, Social agentc, aircraft ownerc, moving objectc, operatorc
is in domain of
acts forop, conceptualizesop, is agent included inop, is agent involved inop
is in range of
acts throughop, includes agentop, involves agentop, is conceptualized byop

aggregates bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Aggregates_Barge

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

aggregates carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Aggregates_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

air cushion passenger shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Air_Cushion_Passenger_Ship

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

air cushion patrol vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Air_Cushion_Patrol_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

air cushion ro ro passenger shc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Air_Cushion_Ro-Ro_Passenger_Sh

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

air cushion vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Air_Cushion_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

air cushion work vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Air_Cushion_Work_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

aircraftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Aircraft

Authors:
datAcron-project

The class of moving objects with flying capabilities. Please notice that aviation specific classes and properties are provided in a separate module

has super-classes
moving objectc
is in domain of
aircraft icao codedp, aircraft owned byop, has aircraft reg i ddp

aircraft ownerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AircraftOwner

Authors:
datAcron-project

An operator who owns at least one aircraft. It can be identified by the operator's ICAO code, or it can be private or unknown.

has super-classes
Agentc
has sub-classes
airlinec
is in range of
aircraft owned byop

airlinec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Airline

has super-classes
aircraft ownerc
is in domain of
has airline i a t a2codedp, has airline i c a o3codedp

airship hangerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Airship_hanger

has super-classes
aerodromec

Amountc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Amount

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A quantity, independently from how it is measured, computed, etc.

has super-classes
Regionc
is disjoint with
Physical attributec, Space regionc, Time intervalc

anchor handling fire fightingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Anchor_Handling_Fire_Fighting

has super-classes
special craftc

anchor handling salvage tugc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Anchor_Handling_Salvage_Tug

has super-classes
tug vesselc

anchor handling vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Anchor_Handling_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

antennac back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Antenna

Authors:
datAcron-project
has super-classes
surveillance stationc

anti pollution vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AntiPollution_Vessel

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
pollution control vesselc

arrival legc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ArrivalLeg

Authors:
datAcron-project

A portion of an arrival procedure (STAR) as defined by two consecutive significant points.

has super-classes
segment legc

articulated pusher tugc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Articulated_Pusher_Tug

has super-classes
tug vesselc

asphalt bitumen tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Asphalt_Bitumen_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

aviation low level eventc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AviationLowLevelEvent

has super-classes
low levelc
has members
altitude changeni, gap endni, heading changeni, landingni, parked endni, parked startni, slow motion endni, slow motion startni, speed change endni, speed change startni, take offni

aviation routec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AviationRoute

has super-classes
routec
has sub-classes
a t s routec, n a t routec, undefined routec
is in domain of
has route multiple iddp

backhoe dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Backhoe_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

balloonportc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Balloonport

has super-classes
aerodromec

bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Barge

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

barge carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Barge_Carrier

has super-classes
special craftc

beaconc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Beacon

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

Biological objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#BiologicalObject

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-classes
Physical bodyc
has sub-classes
Organismc

blacklist reportc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#BlacklistReport

has super-classes
documentc

blacklistedc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#blacklisted

A blacklisted vessel

has super-classes
vesselc

boxc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Box

has super-classes
regionc
is in domain of
has high pointop, has low pointop

bucket dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bucket_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

bucket dredger pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bucket_Dredger_Pontoon

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

bucket hopper dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bucket_Hopper_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

bucket ladder dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bucket_Ladder_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

bucket wheel suction dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bucket_Wheel_Suction_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

bulk carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#BulkCarrier

Bulk carrier means a ship which is constructed generally with single deck, top-side tanks and hopper side tanks in cargo spaces, and is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, and includes such types as ore carriers and combination carriers. (SOLAS IX/1.6). Bulk carrier means a ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers. (SOLAS XII/1.1)

has super-classes
vesselc

bulk carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bulk_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

bulk carrier with vehicle deckc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bulk_Carrier_With_Vehicle_Deck

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

bulk storage bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bulk_Storage_Barge

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

bulkerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bulker

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

bunkerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bunker

A bunker is generally applied to the storage of petroleum products in tanks, and the practice and business of refueling ships. Bunkering operations are located at seaports, and they include the storage of bunker (ship) fuels and the provision of the fuel to vessels. Bunkering includes the shipboard logistics of loading fuel and distributing it among available bunkers (on-board fuel tanks).

has super-classes
vesselc

bunkering tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Bunkering_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

buoyc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Buoy

Authors:
datAcron-project

An anchored float serving as a navigation mark, to show reefs or other hazards, or for mooring

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

buoy laying vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Buoy-Laying_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

cable layerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cable_Layer

has super-classes
special craftc

cabu carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cabu_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

capec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cape

has super-classes
elevated placec

cargoc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cargo

has super-classes
cargo hazard a majorc
cargo hazard bc
cargo hazard c minorc
cargo hazard d recognizablec
cargo vesselc

cargo bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cargo_Barge

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

cargo containershipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cargo_Containership

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

cargo hazard a majorc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#CargoHazard_A_Major

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
cargoc

cargo hazard bc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#CargoHazard_B

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
cargoc

cargo hazard c minorc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#CargoHazard_C_Minor

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
cargoc

cargo hazard d recognizablec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#CargoHazard_D_Recognizable

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
cargoc

cement bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cement_Barge

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

cement carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cement_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

Chemical objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#ChemicalObject

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-classes
Physical bodyc

chemical tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Chemical_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

cityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#City

has super-classes
placec

civil aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Civil_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec
has sub-classes
joint aerodromec

Classificationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Classification

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A special kind of Situation that allows to include time indexing for the classifies relation in situations. For example, if a Situation s 'my old cradle is used in these days as a flower pot' isSettingFor the entity 'my old cradle' and the TimeIntervals '8June2007' and '10June2007', and we know that s satisfies a functional Description for aesthetic objects, which defines the Concepts 'flower pot' and 'flower', then we also need to know what concept classifies 'my old cradle' at what time. In order to solve this issue, we need to create a sub-situation s' for the classification time: 'my old cradle is a flower pot in 8June2007'. Such sub-situation s' isPartOf s.

has super-classes
Situationc
is setting foropsome Conceptc
is setting foropsome Time intervalc
is setting foropexactly 3

closed trajectoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ClosedTrajectory

Authors:
datAcron-project

A Trajectory where the destination is reached

has super-classes
actual trajectoryc

co2 tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Co2_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

coastal breakwater portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#CoastalBreakwaterPort

Coastal Breakwater port.

has super-classes
portc

coastal natural portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#CoastalNaturalPort

Coastal Natural port.

has super-classes
portc

coastal tide gate portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#CoastalTideGatePort

Coastal Tide Gate port.

has super-classes
portc

coastlinec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Coastline

A line following the general contour of the shore, except that in cases of inlets or bays less than 30 nautical miles in width, the line shall pass directly across the inlet or bay to intersect the general contour on the opposite side.

has super-classes
placec

Collectionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Collection

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any container for entities that share one or more common properties. E.g. "stone objects", "the nurses", "the Louvre Aegyptian collection", all the elections for the Italian President of the Republic. A collection is not a logical class: a collection is a first-order entity, while a class is second-order.

has super-classes
Social objectc
has partoponly Collectionc
has sub-classes
Collectivec, Configurationc, Type collectionc
is in domain of
has memberop, is characterized byop, is covered byop, is unified byop
is in range of
characterizesop, coversop, is member ofop, unifiesop

Collectivec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Collective

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Collection whose members are agents, e.g. "the nurses", "the Italian rockabilly fans". Collectives, facon de parler, can act as agents, although they are not assumed here to be agents (they are even disjoint from the class SocialAgent). This is represented by admitting collectives in the range of the relations having Agent in their domain or range.

has super-classes
Collectionc
has memberoponly Agentc

Collective agentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#CollectiveAgent

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A SocialAgent that is actedBy agents that are (and act as) members of a Collective. A collective agent can have roles that are also roles of those agents. For example, in sociology, a 'group action' is the situation in which a number of people (that result to be members of a collective) in a given area behave in a coordinated way in order to achieve a (often common) goal. The Agent in such a Situation is not single, but a CollectiveAgent (a Group). This can be generalized to the notion of social movement, which assumes a large Community or even the entire Society as agents. The difference between a CollectiveAgent and an Organization is that a Description that introduces a CollectiveAgent is also one that unifies the corresponding Collective. In practice, this difference makes collective agents 'less stable' than organizations, because they have a dedicated, publicly recognizable Description that is conceived to introduce them.

has super-classes
Social agentc
acts throughopsome is member ofopsome Collectivec
is introduced byopsome Descriptioncand (unifiesopsome Collectivec)
has sub-classes
Communityc, Groupc

combat vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Combat_Vessel

has super-classes
military opsc

command vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Command_Vessel

has super-classes
military opsc

communication towerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Communication_tower

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

Communityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Community

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-classes
Collective agentc

Conceptc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Concept

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Concept is a SocialObject, and isDefinedIn some Description; once defined, a Concept can be used in other Description(s). If a Concept isDefinedIn exactly one Description, see the LocalConcept class. The classifies relation relates Concept(s) to Entity(s) at some TimeInterval

has super-classes
Social objectc
is defined inopsome Descriptionc
has partoponly Conceptc
has sub-classes
Event typec, Local conceptc, Parameterc, Rolec
is in domain of
characterizesop, classifiesop, coversop, has parameterop, is concept expressed byop, is concept used inop, is defined inop, is related to conceptop, is subordinated toop, is superordinated toop
is in range of
definesop, expresses conceptop, is characterized byop, is classified byop, is covered byop, is parameter forop, is related to conceptop, is subordinated toop, is superordinated toop, uses conceptop
is disjoint with
Descriptionc, Information objectc, Situationc, Social agentc

Configurationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Configuration

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A collection whose members are 'unified', i.e. organized according to a certain schema that can be represented by a Description. Typically, a configuration is the collection that emerges out of a composed entity: an industrial artifact, a plan, a discourse, etc.
E.g. a physical book has a configuration provided by the part-whole schema that holds together its cover, pages, ink. That schema, based on the individual relations between the book and its parts, can be represented in a reified way by means of a (structural) description, which is said to 'unify' the book configuration.

has super-classes
Collectionc

construction support vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Construction_Support_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

container shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Container_Ship

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

contextual informationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ContextualInformation

Authors:
datAcron-project

Information provided from other than the sensors data

has super-classes
feature of interestc
has sub-classes
dynamicc, staticc
is in range of
has contextual featureop

Contractc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Contract

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

(The content of) an agreement between at least two agents that play a Party Role, about some contract object (a Task to be executed).

has super-classes
Descriptionc

control towerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Control_tower

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

coord waypointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#CoordWaypoint

has super-classes
waypointc

countryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Country

has super-classes
placec
is in range of
part of countryop

crane bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Crane_Barge

has super-classes
special craftc

crane jack upc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Crane_Jack_Up

has super-classes
special craftc

crane shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Crane_Ship

has super-classes
special craftc

crew boatc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Crew_Boat

has super-classes
port tenderc

crude oil tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Crude_Oil_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

cutter suction dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cutter_Suction_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

cutter suction hopper dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Cutter_Suction_Hopper_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

deck cargo pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Deck_Cargo_Pontoon

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

deck cargo shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Deck_Cargo_Ship

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

departure legc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#DepartureLeg

Authors:
datAcron-project

A portion of an departure procedure as defined by two consecutive significant points.

has super-classes
segment legc

depression spotc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#DepressionSpot

has super-classes
elevated placec

desalination pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Desalination_Pontoon

has super-classes
special craftc

Descriptionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Description

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Description is a SocialObject that represents a conceptualization. It can be thought also as a 'descriptive context' that uses or defines concepts in order to create a view on a 'relational context' (cf. Situation) out of a set of data or observations. For example, a Plan is a Description of some actions to be executed by agents in a certain way, with certain parameters; a Diagnosis is a Description that provides an interpretation for a set of observed entities, etc.

has super-classes
Social objectc
has sub-classes
Contractc, Designc, Diagnosisc, Goalc, Methodc, Narrativec, Normc, Planc, Relationc, Rightc, Theoryc
is in domain of
definesop, defines roleop, defines taskop, describesop, expandsop, introducesop, is expanded inop, is related to descriptionop, is satisfied byop, unifiesop, uses conceptop
is in range of
expandsop, is concept used inop, is defined inop, is described byop, is expanded inop, is introduced byop, is related to descriptionop, is role defined inop, is task defined inop, is unified byop, satisfiesop
is disjoint with
Conceptc, Information objectc, Situationc, Social agentc

Designc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Design

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Description of the Situation, in terms of structure and function, held by an Entity for some reason. A design is usually accompanied by the rationales behind the construction of the designed Entity (i.e. of the reasons why a design is claimed to be as such). For example, the actual design (a Situation) of a car or of a law is based on both the specification (a Description) of the structure, and the rationales used to construct cars or laws. While designs typically describe entities to be constructed, they can also be used to describe 'refunctionalized' entities, or to hypothesize unknown functions. For example, a cradle can be refunctionalized as a flowerpot based on a certain home design.

has super-classes
Descriptionc

designated pointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#DesignatedPoint

Authors:
datAcron-project

A geographical location not marked by the site of a radio navigation aid, used in defining an ATS route, the flight path of an aircraft or for other navigation or ATS purposes.

has super-classes
significant pointc
has sub-classes
waypointc
is in domain of
has designated typedp
is in range of
has i f r approach fix pointop, has i f r designated pointop

Designed artifactc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#DesignedArtifact

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A PhysicalArtifact that is also described by a Design. This excludes simple recycling or refunctionalization of natural objects. Most common sense 'artifacts' can be included in this class: cars, lamps, houses, chips, etc.

has super-classes
Physical artifactc
is described byopsome Designc
has sub-classes
designed substancec

designed substancec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#DesignedSubstance

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-classes
Designed artifactc
Functional substancec

Diagnosisc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Diagnosis

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Description of the Situation of a system, usually applied in order to control a normal behaviour, or to explain a notable behavior (e.g. a functional breakdown).

has super-classes
Descriptionc

direction finderc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Direction_Finder

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as DF

has super-classes
navaidc

distance measuring equipmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Distance_Measuring_Equipment

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as DME

has super-classes
navaidc
has sub-classes
i l s collocated d m ec, l o c collocated d m ec, m l s collocated d m ec, n d b and d m ec, v o r and d m ec

dive vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Dive_Vessel

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
diving support vesselc

diving support platformc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Diving_Support_Platform

has super-classes
special craftc

diving support vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Diving_Support_Vessel

has super-classes
dive vesselc

documentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Document

Authors:
datAcron-project

A physical or digital document, issued by an Agent or Moving object

has super-classes
information entityc
has sub-classes
blacklist reportc, f m flight planc, standard instrument arrivalc, standard instrument departurec

dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

dredging pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Dredging_Pontoon

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

drill bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Drill_Barge

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

drill shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Drill_Ship

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

drilling jack upc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Drilling_Jack_Up

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

dynamicc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Dynamic

Authors:
datAcron-project

Contextual information that can change w.r.t. time

has super-classes
contextual informationc
has sub-classes
weather conditionc

e e z zonec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#EEZ_Zone

Authors:
datAcron-project

Exclusive Economic zone

has super-classes
placec

e s s stationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ESS_station

Authors:
datAcron-project

extended service set (ESS): A set of one or more interconnected basic service sets (BSSs) and integrated local area networks (LANs) that appears as a single BSS to the logical link control layer at any station associated with one of those BSSs.

has super-classes
placec
surveillance stationc

edible oil tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Edible_Oil_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

elevated placec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ElevatedPlace

has super-classes
placec
has sub-classes
capec, depression spotc, mountainc, pass elevc, plateauc, spot elevationc

Entityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Entity

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Anything: real, possible, or imaginary, which some modeller wants to talk about for some purpose.

is equivalent to
Abstractcor Eventcor Objectcor Qualitycor Regionc
has sub-classes
Abstractc, Eventc, Objectc, Qualityc, information entityc
is in domain of
affected byop, associatedWithop, directly followsop, directly precedesop, far fromop, followsop, has common boundaryop, has componentop, has constituentop, has constraintop, has country codedp,has data valuedp, has i a t acodedp, has i c a ocodedp, has locationop, has namedp, has partop, has qualityop, has regionop, has settingop, is classified byop, is component ofop, is constituent ofop, is described byop, is in the same setting asop, is location ofop, is member ofop, is observable atop, is part ofop, is reference ofop, is reference of information realized byop, near toop, overlapsop, precedesop
is in range of
affectsop, associatedWithop, classifiesop, departure of trajectoryop, describesop, destination of trajectoryop, directly followsop, directly precedesop, far fromop, followsop, has common boundaryop, has componentop, has constituentop, has departureop, has destinationop, has locationop, has memberop, has partop, is aboutop, is component ofop, is constituent ofop, is constraint forop, is in the same setting asop, is location ofop, is part ofop, is quality ofop, is region forop, is setting forop, is time of observation ofop, near toop, overlapsop, precedesop, realizes information aboutop

environmentalc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Environmental

Authors:
datAcron-project

Environmental events affecting moving objects' behaviour

has super-classes
eventc

eventc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Event

Authors:
datAcron-project

A sub-class of Events that refer or affect moving objects in datAcron domain (i.e. maritime and aviation)

has super-classes
Eventc
has sub-classes
environmentalc, high levelc, low levelc, operationalc
is in domain of
occursop

Eventc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Event

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any physical, social, or mental process, event, or state.

More theoretically, events can be classified in different ways, possibly based on 'aspect' (e.g. stative, continuous, accomplishement, achievement, etc.), on 'agentivity' (e.g. intentional, natural, etc.), or on 'typical participants' (e.g. human, physical, abstract, food, etc.). Here no special direction is taken, and the following explains why: events are related to observable situations, and they can have different views at a same time. If a position has to be suggested here anyway, the participant-based classification of events seems the most stable and appropriate for many modelling problems.

(1) Alternative aspectual views

Consider a same event 'rock erosion in the Sinni valley': it can be conceptualized as an accomplishment (what has brought a certain state to occur), as an achievement (the state resulting from a previous accomplishment), as a punctual event (if we collapse the time interval of the erosion into a time point), or as a transition (something that has changed from a state to a different one). In the erosion case, we could therefore have good motivations to shift from one aspect to another: a) causation focus, b) effectual focus, c) historical condensation, d) transition (causality).

The different views refer to the same event, but are still different: how to live with this seeming paradox? A typical solution e.g. in linguistics (cf. Levin's aspectual classes) and in DOLCE Full (cf. WonderWeb D18 axiomatization) is to classify events based on aspectual differences. But this solution would create different identities for a same event, where the difference is only based on the modeller's attitude. An alternative solution is applied here, and exploits the notion of (observable) Situation; a Situation is a view, consistent with a Description, which can be observed of a set of entities. It can also be seen as a 'relational context' created by an observer on the basis of a 'frame'. Therefore, a Situation allows to create a context where each particular view can have a proper identity, while the Event preserves its own identity. For example, ErosionAsAccomplishment is a Situation where rock erosion is observed as a process leading to a certain achievement: the conditions (roles, parameters) that suggest such view are stated in a Description, which acts as a 'theory of accomplishments'. Similarly, ErosionAsTransition is a Situation where rock erosion is observed as an event that has changed a state to another: the conditions for such interpretation are stated in a different Description, which acts as a 'theory of state transitions'. Consider that in no case the actual event is changed or enriched in parts by the aspectual view.

(2) Alternative intentionality views

Similarly to aspectual views, several intentionality views can be provided for a same Event. For example, one can investigate if an avalanche has been caused by immediate natural forces, or if there is any hint of an intentional effort to activate those natural forces. Also in this case, the Event as such has not different identities, while the causal analysis generates situations with different identities, according to what Description is taken for interpreting the Event. On the other hand, if the possible actions of an Agent causing the starting of an avalanche are taken as parts of the Event, then this makes its identity change, because we are adding a part to it. Therefore, if intentionality is a criterion to classify events or not, this depends on if an ontology designer wants to consider causality as a relevant dimension for events' identity.

(3) Alternative participant views

A slightly different case is when we consider the basic participants to an Event. In this case, the identity of the Event is affected by the participating objects, because it depends on them. For example, if snow, mountain slopes, wind, waves, etc. are considered as an avalanche basic participants, or if we also want to add water, human agents, etc., that makes the identity of an avalanche change. Anyway, this approach to event classification is based on the designer's choices, and more accurately mirrors lexical or commonsense classifications (see. e.g. WordNet 'supersenses' for verb synsets).

Ultimately, this discussion has no end, because realists will keep defending the idea that events in reality are not changed by the way we describe them, while constructivists will keep defending the idea that, whatever 'true reality' is about, it can't be modelled without the theoretical burden of how we observe and describe it. Both positions are in principle valid, but, if taken too radically, they focus on issues that are only partly relevant to the aim of computational ontologies, which only attempt to assist domain experts in representing what they want to conceptualize a certain portion of reality according to their own ideas. For this reason, in this ontology both events and situations are allowed, together with descriptions, in order to encode the modelling needs, independently from the position (if any) chosen by the designer.

has super-classes
Entityc
has participantopsome Objectc
has time intervalopsome Time intervalc
has constituentoponly Eventc
has partoponly Eventc
has sub-classes
Actionc, Processc, eventc
is in domain of
affectsop, has event datedp, has participantop, has time intervalop, involves agentop, is event included inop
is in range of
affected byop, includes eventop, is agent involved inop, is participant inop, is time interval ofop
is disjoint with
Abstractc, Objectc, Qualityc

Event typec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#EventType

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Concept that classifies an Event . An event type describes how an Event should be interpreted, executed, expected, seen, etc., according to the Description that the EventType isDefinedIn (or used in)

has super-classes
Conceptc
classifiesoponly Eventc
has sub-classes
Taskc
is disjoint with
Parameterc, Rolec

exhibition shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Exhibition_Ship

has super-classes
pleasure craftc

f a o areac back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FAO_area

has super-classes
fishing regionc
placec
is in domain of
direct part of f a oop
is in range of
direct part of f a oop

f m airblockc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_Airblock

Authors:
datAcron-project

The building unit of Airspace Volumes. Each airspace volume is defined by a finite set of airblocks. An airblock 3D is a 3D volume defined by: i) the airblock, ii) a value for lower altitude bound, iii) a value for upper altitude bound.

has super-classes
Space regionc

f m airspacec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_Airspace

Authors:
datAcron-project

A 3D airspace, composed by 3D airblocks and the specified capacity.

has super-classes
spatio temporalc
is in domain of
has capacitydp
is in range of
configuration of airspaceop, controlled by a t cop, is corresponding toop

f m c t f mc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_CTFM

Authors:
datAcron-project

CTFM is the profile based on the real track reports of the flown flight submitted by the different ACCs to EUROCONTROL. Notice that many flights might not contain the CTFM

has super-classes
f m flight planc

f m configurationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_Configuration

has super-classes
information entityc
has constituentopsome f m airspacec
has constituentopsome periodc
is in domain of
configuration of airspaceop

f m f p enters secrorc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_FP_EntersSecror

has super-classes
high levelc

f m f t f mc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_FTFM

Authors:
datAcron-project

The last submitted flight plan from the airline, before take-off

has super-classes
f m flight planc

f m flight planc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_Flight_Plan

has super-classes
documentc
(departure airportopsome aerodromec)and (departure airportoponly aerodromec)
(destination airportopsome aerodromec)and (destination airportoponly aerodromec)
has sub-classes
f m c t f mc, f m f t f mc, f m r t f mc
is in domain of
departure airportop, destination airportop, e o b tdp, f p cruise speed altitudedp, i t o tdp, reports trajectoryop

f m flight plan generationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_FlightPlanGeneration

has super-classes
operationalc

f m flight plan nodec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_FlightPlanNode

Authors:
datAcron-project

A semantic node that provides information about intented trajectory

has super-classes
nodec

f m flight plan trajectoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_FlightPlanTrajectory

Authors:
datAcron-project

A sub-class of intented trajectory, which is reported in a FM_FlightPlan

has super-classes
intented trajectoryc
is in range of
reports trajectoryop

f m r t f mc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FM_RTFM

Authors:
datAcron-project

The regulated Flight plan submitted by an airline. Notice that not all the flights are regulated (i.e. there is no RTFM for these flights)

has super-classes
f m flight planc

factory trawlerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Factory_Trawler

has super-classes
fishing vesselc

ferryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Ferry

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

fire fighting supply vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fire_Fighting_Supply_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

fire fighting tractor tugc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fire_Fighting_Tractor_Tug

has super-classes
special craftc

fire fighting vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fire_Fighting_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

fish carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fish_Carrier

has super-classes
fishing vesselc

fish factoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fish_Factory

has super-classes
fishing vesselc

fish passagec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#fish_passage

has super-classes
placec

fish storage bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fish_Storage_Barge

has super-classes
fishing vesselc

fishery patrol vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fishery_Patrol_Vessel

has super-classes
fishing vesselc

fishery protection researchc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fishery_Protection_Research

has super-classes
fishing vesselc

fishery research vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fishery_Research_Vessel

has super-classes
fishing vesselc

fishery support vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fishery_Support_Vessel

has super-classes
fishing vesselc

fishing regionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FishingRegion

has super-classes
placec
has sub-classes
f a o areac

fishing vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fishing_Vessel

A fishing vessel is a vessel used for catching fish, whales, seals, walrus or other living resources of the sea. (SOLAS I/2). Fishing vessel means any vessel used commercially for catching fish, whales, seals, walrus or other living resources of the sea. (SFV 1993 article 2)

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
factory trawlerc, fish carrierc, fish factoryc, fish storage bargec, fishery patrol vesselc, fishery protection researchc, fishery research vesselc, fishery support vesselc, trawlerc

fixing device typec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#FixingDeviceType

has super-classes
Setc
is in range of
has vessel fixing device typeop
has members
chaykani, g l o n a s sni, g p sni, g p s g l o n a s sni, galileoni, integrated navigation systemni, internal g n s sni, loran cni, not associated 10ni, not associated 11ni, not associated 12ni, not associated 13ni, not associated 14ni, not associated 9ni, surveyedni, undefinedni

floating cranec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Floating_Crane

has super-classes
special craftc

floating hotelc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Floating_Hotel

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

floating hotel restaurantc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Floating_Hotel_Restaurant

has super-classes
pleasure craftc

floating linkspanc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Floating_Linkspan

has super-classes
special craftc

floating sheerlegc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Floating_Sheerleg

has super-classes
special craftc

floating storage productionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Floating_Storage_Production

has super-classes
special craftc

fly by waypointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fly_by_waypoint

Authors:
datAcron-project

Fly-by waypoint. A waypoint which requires turn anticipation to allow tangential interception of the next segment of a route or procedure

has super-classes
waypointc

flyover waypointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Flyover_waypoint

Authors:
datAcron-project

Flyover waypoint. A waypoint at which a turn is initiated in order to join the next segment of a route or procedure.

has super-classes
waypointc

Formal entityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#FormalEntity

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Entities that are formally defined and are considered independent from the social context in which they are used. They cannot be localized in space or time. Also called 'Platonic entities'. Mathematical and logical entities are included in this class: sets, categories, tuples, costants, variables, etc. Abstract formal entities are distinguished from information objects, which are supposed to be part of a social context, and are localized in space and time, therefore being (social) objects. For example, the class 'Quark' is an abstract formal entity from the purely set-theoretical perspective, but it is an InformationObject from the viewpoint of ontology design, when e.g. implemented in a logical language like OWL. Abstract formal entities are also distinguished from Concept(s), Collection(s), and Description(s), which are part of a social context, therefore being SocialObject(s) as well. For example, the class 'Quark' is an abstract FormalEntity from the purely set-theoretical perspective, but it is a Concept within history of science and cultural dynamics.

These distinctions allow to represent two different notions of 'semantics': the first one is abstract and formal ('formal semantics'), and formallyInterprets symbols that are about entities whatsoever; for example, the term 'Quark' isAbout the Collection of all quarks, and that Collection isFormalGroundingFor the abstract class 'Quark' (in the extensional sense). The second notion is social, localized in space-time ('social semantics'), and can be used to interpret entities in the intensional sense. For example, the Collection of all quarks isCoveredBy the Concept 'Quark', which is also expressed by the term 'Quark'.

has super-classes
Abstractc
has sub-classes
Setc

fruit juice tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Fruit_Juice_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

Functional substancec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#FunctionalSubstance

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-classes
Substancec
has sub-classes
designed substancec

g p s survey stationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#GPS_Survey_station

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

gas carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Gas_Carrier

has super-classes
tankerc

general cargoc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#GeneralCargo

General cargo ship: A ship with a multi-deck or single-deck hull designed primarily for the carriage of general cargo. (MEPC.1/Circ.681 Annex)

has super-classes
vesselc

general cargoc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#General_Cargo

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

geometryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Geometry

Authors:
datAcron-project

The geometry is an abstract entity in this domain, since we do not need geometry specific properties, such as CSR, WKT representation etc. The URI of the geometry refers to the serialized geometry where the low level details are provided.

has super-classes
geometry
has sub-classes
pointc, regionc, segment legc, significant pointc
is in domain of
has m b r w k tdp, has w k tdp
is in range of
has ending pointop, has geometryop, has starting pointop

Goalc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Goal

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The Description of a Situation that is desired by an Agent, and usually associated to a Plan that describes how to actually achieve it

has super-classes
Descriptionc

grab dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Grab_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

grab dredger pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Grab_Dredger_Pontoon

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

grab hopper dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Grab_Hopper_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

grain elevating pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Grain_Elevating_Pontoon

has super-classes
special craftc

Groupc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Group

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A CollectiveAgent whose acting agents conceptualize a same SocialRelation .

has super-classes
Collective agentc
acts throughoponly conceptualizesopsome Social relationc

heavy aircraftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#HeavyAircraft

has super-classes
aircraft modelc

heavy lift vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Heavy_Lift_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

heavy load carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Heavy_Load_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

heliportc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Heliport

has super-classes
aerodromec
has sub-classes
medical heliportc, military heliportc

high levelc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#HighLevel

Authors:
datAcron-project

A subclass of events in datAcron domain, where contextual information need to be consulted jointly with the sensor's data

has super-classes
eventc
has sub-classes
f m f p enters secrorc

high speedc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#HighSpeed

High-speed craft is a craft capable of a maximum speed, in metres per second (m/s), equal to or exceeding 3.7 times the one-sixth power of the volume of displacement corresponding to the design waterline (m³), excluding craft the hull of which is supported completely clear above the water surface in non-displacement mode by aerodynamic forces generated by ground effect. (SOLAS X/1.2, HSC Code 2000 para 1.4.30)

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
hovercraftc, hydrofoilc

hopper bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Hopper_Barge

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

hopper dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Hopper_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

hospital shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Hospital_Ship

has super-classes
medical transc

houseboatc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Houseboat

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

hovercraftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Hovercraft

has super-classes
high speedc

hydrofoilc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Hydrofoil

has super-classes
high speedc

i c a o waypointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ICAOWaypoint

has super-classes
waypointc

i l s collocated d m ec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ILS_collocated_DME

Authors:
datAcron-project

ILS_DME: . Collocation can be with the antenna or the loc. See NavaidComponent collocationGroup

has super-classes
distance measuring equipmentc
instrument landing systemc

icebreakerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Icebreaker

has super-classes
tug vesselc

incineratorc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Incinerator

has super-classes
special craftc

information entityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#InformationEntity

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A piece of information, be it concretely realized or not.

is equivalent to
Information objectcor Information realizationc
has super-classes
Entityc
has sub-classes
Information objectc, Information realizationc, documentc, f m configurationc, route availabilityc

Information objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#InformationObject

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A piece of information, such as a musical composition, a text, a word, a picture, independently from how it is concretely realized.

has super-classes
information entityc
Social objectc
is realized byopsome Information realizationc
expressesopmin 1
is in domain of
expressesop, expresses conceptop, is aboutop, is realized byop
is in range of
is concept expressed byop, is expressed byop, is reference ofop, realizesop
is disjoint with
Conceptc, Descriptionc, Situationc, Social agentc

Information realizationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#InformationRealization

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A concrete realization of an InformationObject, e.g. the written document containing the text of a law.

is equivalent to
(Physical objectcor (Eventcand (has participantopsome Physical objectc)))and (realizesopsome Information objectc)
has super-classes
information entityc
concretely expressesopsome Social objectc
realizesopsome Information objectc
is in domain of
concretely expressesop, realizesop, realizes information aboutop
is in range of
is concretely expressed byop, is realized byop, is reference of information realized byop

inland cargoc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Inland_Cargo

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

inland dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Inland_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

inland ferryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Inland_Ferry

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

inland passengers shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Inland_Passengers_Ship

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

inland ro ro cargo shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Inland_Ro-Ro_Cargo_Ship

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

inland supply vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Inland_Supply_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

inland tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Inland_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

inland tugc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Inland_Tug

has super-classes
tug vesselc

instantc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Instant

Authors:
datAcron-project

A time instant

has super-classes
timec
is in range of
has end instantop, has start instantop

instrument landing systemc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Instrument_Landing_System

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as ILS

has super-classes
navaidc
has sub-classes
i l s collocated d m ec

intented trajectoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#IntentedTrajectory

Authors:
datAcron-project

A reported trajectory that an Agent intents to follow

has super-classes
trajectoryc
has sub-classes
f m flight plan trajectoryc

international ferry linec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#InternationalFerryLine

has super-classes
marine routec

islandc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Island

Any part of land surrounded with water.

has super-classes
placec

jack up bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Jack_Up_Barge

has super-classes
special craftc

jacket launching pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Jacket_Launching_Pontoon

has super-classes
special craftc

joint aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Joint_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec
civil aerodromec
military aerodromec

kelp dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Kelp_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

l o c collocated d m ec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#LOC_collocated_DME

Authors:
datAcron-project

LOC_DME collocation Group

has super-classes
distance measuring equipmentc
localizer navaidc

lake canal portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#LakeCanalPort

Lake or Canal port. See Pub150bk.pdf

has super-classes
portc

land routec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#LandRoute

has super-classes
routec

landing craftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Landing_Craft

has super-classes
special craftc

large size portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#LargeSizePort

The classification of harbor size is based on several applicable factors, including area, facilities, and wharf space. It is not based on area alone or on any other single factor.

has super-classes
portc

law enforcec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Law_Enforce

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
patrol vesselc

light aircraftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#LightAircraft

has super-classes
aircraft modelc

lighthousec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Lighthouse

has super-classes
placec

limestone carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Limestone_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

livestock carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Livestock_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

lng tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Lng_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

Local conceptc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#LocalConcept

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Concept that isDefinedIn exactly 1 Description. For example, the Concept 'coffee' in a 'preparesCoffee' relation can be defined in that relation, and for all other Description(s) that use it, the isConceptUsedIn property should be applied. Notice therefore that not necessarily all Concept(s) isDefinedIn exactly 1 Description.

is equivalent to
Conceptcand (is defined inopexactly 1)
has super-classes
Conceptc

local vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Local_Vessel

has super-classes
vesselc

localizer navaidc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Localizer_Navaid

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as LOC

has super-classes
navaidc
has sub-classes
l o c collocated d m ec

logistics naval vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Logistics_Naval_Vessel

has super-classes
military opsc

low levelc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#LowLevel

Authors:
datAcron-project

A sub-class of event that can be identified only by the sensor's recordings

has super-classes
eventc
has sub-classes
aviation low level eventc, maritime low level eventc

lpg chemical tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Lpg_Chemical_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

lpg tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Lpg_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

m l s collocated d m ec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#MLS_collocated_DME

Authors:
datAcron-project

MLS_DME collocation Group

has super-classes
distance measuring equipmentc
microwave landing systemc

maintenance vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Maintenance_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

major aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#major_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec

marinac back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#marina

has super-classes
placec

marine heritagec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#MarineHeritage

has super-classes
protected zonec

marine regionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#marine_region

The surface where any vessel can autonomously moved, separated into regions. This surface includes rivers, estuaries, lakes and open sea

has super-classes
placec

marine routec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#MarineRoute

has super-classes
routec
has sub-classes
international ferry linec, national ferry linec
is in domain of
is route for portop

maritime low level eventc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#MaritimeLowLevelEvent

has super-classes
low levelc
has members
gap endni, heading changeni, slow motion endni, slow motion startni, speed change endni, speed change startni, stopped endni, stopped initni

marker beaconc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Marker_Beacon

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as MKR

has super-classes
navaidc
has sub-classes
non directional radio beacon and marker beaconc

medical heliportc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#medical_Heliport

has super-classes
heliportc

medical transc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Medical_Trans

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
hospital shipc

medium aircraftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#MediumAircraft

has super-classes
aircraft modelc

medium size portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#MediumSizePort

The classification of harbor size is based on several applicable factors, including area, facilities, and wharf space. It is not based on area alone or on any other single factor.

has super-classes
portc

meteorological stationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#meteorological_station

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

Methodc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Method

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A method is a Description that defines or uses concepts in order to guide carrying out actions aimed at a solution with respect to a problem. It is different from a Plan, because plans could be carried out in order to follow a method, but a method can be followed by executing alternative plans.

has super-classes
Descriptionc

micro aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#micro_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec

micro ultralight aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#micro_ultralight_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec

microwave landing systemc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Microwave_Landing_System

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as MLS

has super-classes
navaidc
has sub-classes
m l s collocated d m ec

mid aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#mid_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec

military aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Military_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec
has sub-classes
joint aerodromec

military heliportc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Military_Heliport

has super-classes
heliportc

mine hunterc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Mine_Hunter

has super-classes
military opsc

minesweeperc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Minesweeper

has super-classes
military opsc

mining vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Mining_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

mission shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Mission_Ship

has super-classes
special craftc

mobile offshore drilling unitc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#MobileOffshoreDrillingUnit

Mobile offshore drilling unit (MODU) means a vessel capable of engaging in drilling operations for the exploration for or exploitation of resources beneath the sea-bed such as liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons, sulphur or salt. (SOLAS IX/1, MODU Code 2009 para 1.3.40)

has super-classes
vesselc

mooring vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Mooring_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

motor hopperc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Motor_Hopper

has super-classes
special craftc

mountainc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Mountain

has super-classes
elevated placec

moving objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#MovingObject

Authors:
datAcron-project

A moving object in the datAcron domain

has super-classes
Agentc
has sub-classes
aircraftc, s a r aircraftc, vesselc
is in range of
of moving objectop

multi purpose offshore vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Multi_Purpose_Offshore_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

multi purpose vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Multi-Purpose_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

museum shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Museum_Ship

has super-classes
pleasure craftc

n a t routec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#NATRoute

has super-classes
aviation routec

n d b and d m ec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#NDB_and_DME

Authors:
datAcron-project

NDB_DME

has super-classes
distance measuring equipmentc
non directional radio beaconc

n o n a t c equipmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#NON_ATC_Equipment

Authors:
datAcron-project

E: Equipment NON-ATC

has super-classes
f m regulationc

n o n a t c industrial actionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#NON_ATC_IndustrialAction

Authors:
datAcron-project

N: Industrial action NON-ATC

has super-classes
f m regulationc

Narrativec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Narrative

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-classes
Descriptionc

national bordersc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#National_borders

Includes maritime borders between states

has super-classes
placec
is in domain of
has country codedp

national ferry linec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#NationalFerryLine

has super-classes
marine routec

natura2000 zonec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Natura2000_zone

has super-classes
protected zonec

Natural personc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#NaturalPerson

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A person in the physical commonsense intuition: 'have you seen that person walking down the street?'

has super-classes
Personc
Physical agentc

navaidc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Navaid

Authors:
datAcron-project

A navaid is a physical device on the ground that airplanes can detect and fly to. Modern examples include NDBs and VORs, which both transmit radio signals that aircraft can follow and home in on. An older example would be a lighted beacon that can shine through night and clouds (used by the USPS before the air navigation system was built). A navaid is different from a waypoint, which is not necessarily a physical place (i.e. it can be a named point used as reference).

has super-classes
placec
has sub-classes
direction finderc, distance measuring equipmentc, instrument landing systemc, localizer navaidc, marker beaconc, microwave landing systemc, non directional radio beaconc, simplified directional facilityc, tactical air navigation beaconc, transponder landing systemc, unclassified navaidc, v h f omnidirectional radio rangec
is in range of
has ending nav aidop, has i f r approach fix navaidop, has i f r navaidop, has starting nav aidop

naval auxiliary tugc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Naval_Auxiliary_Tug

has super-classes
military opsc

naval naval auxiliary vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Naval_Naval_Auxiliary_Vessel

has super-classes
military opsc

naval patrol vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Naval_Patrol_Vessel

has super-classes
military opsc

naval research vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Naval_Research_Vessel

has super-classes
military opsc

naval salvage vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Naval_Salvage_Vessel

has super-classes
military opsc

nodec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Node

Authors:
datAcron-project

A semantic node provides a meaningful abstraction or aggregation of raw positions

has super-classes
trajectory partc
has sub-classes
f m flight plan nodec

non directional radio beaconc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Non_Directional_Radio_Beacon

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as NDB

has super-classes
navaidc
has sub-classes
n d b and d m ec, non directional radio beacon and marker beaconc

non directional radio beacon and marker beaconc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Non_Directional_Radio_Beacon_and_Marker_Beacon

Authors:
datAcron-project

NDB_MKR

has super-classes
marker beaconc
non directional radio beaconc

Normc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Norm

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A social norm.

has super-classes
Descriptionc

nuclear fuel carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Nuclear_Fuel_Carrier

has super-classes
special craftc

nuclear shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#NuclearShip

A nuclear ship is a ship provided with a nuclear power plant. (SOLAS I/2)

has super-classes
vesselc

Objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Object

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any physical, social, or mental object, or a substance. Following DOLCE Full, objects are always participating in some event (at least their own life), and are spatially located.

is equivalent to
Physical objectcor Social objectc
has super-classes
Entityc
has locationopsome Entityc
is participant inopsome Eventc
has constituentoponly Objectc
has partoponly Objectc
is classified byoponly Rolec
has sub-classes
Agentc, Physical objectc, Social objectc
is in domain of
co-participates withop, has roleop, is object included inop, is participant inop, is type ofop
is in range of
co-participates withop, has participantop, includes objectop, is role ofop
is disjoint with
Abstractc, Eventc, Qualityc

obo carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Obo_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

offshore construction jack upc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Offshore_Construction_Jack_Up

has super-classes
special craftc

offshore safety vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Offshore_Safety_Vessel

has super-classes
s a r vesselc

offshore supply shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Offshore_Supply_Ship

has super-classes
special craftc

oil chemical tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Oil_Chemical_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

oil products tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Oil_Products_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

open roadstead portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#OpenRoadsteadPort

Open Roadstead port. See Pub150bk.pdf

has super-classes
portc

open trajectoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#OpenTrajectory

Authors:
datAcron-project

A Trajectory where the final destination is not yet met.

has super-classes
actual trajectoryc

operationalc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Operational

Authors:
datAcron-project

An operational event triggered by an authorized/operator agent in a spatiotemporal region

has super-classes
eventc
has sub-classes
f m flight plan generationc, f m regulationc

operatorc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Operator

Authors:
datAcron-project
has super-classes
Agentc
is in domain of
controlled by a t cop

ore carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Ore_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

ore oil carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Ore_Oil_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

Organismc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Organism

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A physical objects with biological characteristics, typically that organisms can self-reproduce.

has super-classes
Biological objectc
Physical agentc

Organizationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Organization

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

An internally structured, conventionally created SocialAgent, needing a specific Role and Agent that plays it, in order to act.

has super-classes
Social agentc

paddle shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Paddle_Ship

has super-classes
special craftc

pallet carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pallet_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

paraglidingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Paragliding

has super-classes
aerodromec

Parameterc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Parameter

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Concept that classifies a Region; the difference between a Region and a Parameter is that regions represent sets of observable values, e.g. the height of a given building, while parameters represent constraints or selections on observable values, e.g. 'VeryHigh'. Therefore, parameters can also be used to constrain regions, e.g. VeryHigh on a subset of values of the Region Height applied to buildings, or to add an external selection criterion , such as measurement units, to regions, e.g. Meter on a subset of values from the Region Length applied to the Region Length applied to roads.

has super-classes
Conceptc
classifiesoponly Regionc
has partoponly Parameterc
has sub-classes
Unit of measurec
is in domain of
has parameter data valuedp, is constraint forop, is parameter forop, parametrizesop
is in range of
has constraintop, has parameterop, is parametrized byop
is disjoint with
Event typec, Rolec

pass elevc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#PassElev

has super-classes
elevated placec

passenger cargo shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Passenger_Cargo_Ship

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

passengers landing craftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Passengers_Landing_Craft

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

passengers shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Passengers_Ship

A passenger ship is a ship which carries more than twelve passengers. (SOLAS I/2)

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

patrol vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Patrol_Vessel

has super-classes
law enforcec

Patternc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Pattern

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any invariance detected from a dataset, or from observation; also, any invariance proposed based on top-down considerations. E.g. patterns detected and abstracted by an organism, by pattern recognition algorithms, by machine learning techniques, etc. An occurrence of a pattern is an 'observable', or detected Situation

has super-classes
Relationc

pearl shells carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pearl_Shells_Carrier

has super-classes
special craftc

periodc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Period

Authors:
datAcron-project

A temproral interval

has super-classes
timec
is in domain of
durationdp, has end instantop, has start instantop
is in range of
has opening periodop

Personc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Person

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Persons in commonsense intuition, which does not apparently distinguish between either natural or social persons.

is equivalent to
Natural personcor Social personc
has super-classes
Agentc
has sub-classes
Natural personc, Social personc

Personificationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Personification

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A social entity with agentive features, but whose status is the result of a cultural transformation from e.g. a PhysicalObject, an Event, an Abstract, another SocialObject, etc. For example: the holy grail, deus ex machina, gods, magic wands, etc.

has super-classes
Social agentc

Physical agentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#PhysicalAgent

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A PhysicalObject that is capable of self-representing (conceptualizing) a Description in order to plan an Action. A PhysicalAgent is a substrate for (actsFor) a Social Agent

has super-classes
Agentc
Physical objectc
conceptualizesopsome Planc
has sub-classes
Natural personc, Organismc

Physical artifactc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#PhysicalArtifact

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any PhysicalObject that isDescribedBy a Plan . This axiomatization is weak, but allows to talk of artifacts in a very general sense, i.e. including recycled objects, objects with an intentional functional change, natural objects that are given a certain function, even though they are not modified or structurally designed, etc. PhysicalArtifact(s) are not considered disjoint from PhysicalBody(s), in order to allow a dual classification when needed. E.g., FunctionalSubstance(s) are included here as well. Immaterial (non-physical) artifacts (e.g. texts, ideas, cultural movements, corporations, communities, etc. can be modelled as social objects (see SocialObject), which are all 'artifactual' in the weak sense assumed here.

has super-classes
Physical objectc
is described byopsome Planc
has sub-classes
Designed artifactc

Physical attributec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#PhysicalAttribute

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Physical value of a physical object, e.g. density, color, etc.

has super-classes
Regionc
is region foropsome Physical objectc
is disjoint with
Amountc, Space regionc, Time intervalc

Physical bodyc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#PhysicalBody

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Physical bodies are PhysicalObject(s), for which we tend to neutralize any possible artifactual character. They can have several granularity levels: geological, chemical, physical, biological, etc.

has super-classes
Physical objectc
has sub-classes
Biological objectc, Chemical objectc, Substancec

Physical objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#PhysicalObject

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any Object that has a proper space region. The prototypical physical object has also an associated mass, but the nature of its mass can greatly vary based on the epistemological status of the object (scientifically measured, subjectively possible, imaginary).

has super-classes
Objectc
has partoponly Physical objectc
has sub-classes
Physical agentc, Physical artifactc, Physical bodyc, Physical placec
is in domain of
has massdp
is disjoint with
Social objectc

Physical placec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#PhysicalPlace

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A physical object that is inherently located; for example, a water area.

has super-classes
Physical objectc
has sub-classes
placec

pile driving vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pile_Driving_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

pilot shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pilot_Ship

has super-classes
port tenderc

pilot vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pilot_Vessel

has super-classes
vesselc

pipe burying vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pipe_Burying_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

pipe carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pipe_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

pipe layerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pipe_Layer

has super-classes
special craftc

pipe layer platformc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pipe_Layer_Platform

has super-classes
special craftc

pipelay crane vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pipelay_Crane_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

placec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Place

Authors:
datAcron-project

A physical place described by a geometry, name, ICAO, IATA etc codes. Please notice that aviation or marine places are described in separate modules

has super-classes
Physical placec
has sub-classes
aerodromec, cityc, coastlinec, countryc, e e z zonec, e s s stationc, elevated placec, f a o areac, fish passagec, fishing regionc, islandc, lighthousec, marinac, marine regionc, national bordersc, navaidc, populated placec, portc, protected zonec, reefsc, surveillance stationc
is in domain of
has populationdp, part of countryop
is in range of
vessel registered at portop

Placec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Place

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A location, in a very generic sense: a political geographic entity (Roma, Lesotho), a non-material location determined by the presence of other entities ("the area close to Roma"), pivot events or signs ("the area where the helicopter fell"), complements of other entities ("the area under the table"), etc. In this generic sense, a Place is an "approximate" location. For an "absolute" location, see the class SpaceRegion

has super-classes
Social objectc
is location ofopmin 1
is in domain of
elevation of placedp

Planc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Plan

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Description having an explicit Goal, to be achieved by executing the plan

has super-classes
Descriptionc
has componentopsome Goalc
has sub-classes
Projectc, Workflowc

Plan executionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#PlanExecution

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Plan executions are situations that proactively satisfy a plan. Subplan executions are proper parts of the whole plan execution.

is equivalent to
Situationcand (satisfiesopsome Planc)
has super-classes
Situationc
has sub-classes
Workflow executionc

plateauc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Plateau

has super-classes
elevated placec

platformc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Platform

has super-classes
special craftc

pleasure craftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pleasure_Craft

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
exhibition shipc, floating hotel restaurantc, museum shipc, theatre vesselc, yachtc

pointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Point

has super-classes
geometryc
is in domain of
has lattitudedp, has longitudedp
is in range of
has high pointop, has low pointop

pollution control vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pollution_Control_Vessel

has super-classes
anti pollution vesselc

populated placec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#PopulatedPlace

Authors:
An organized community within an adminstration area of a country
datAcron-project
has super-classes
placec

port tenderc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Port_Tender

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
crew boatc, pilot shipc, supply tenderc, tenderc

powder carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Powder_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

power station vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Power_Station_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

Processc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Process

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

This is a placeholder for events that are considered in their evolution, or anyway not strictly dependent on agents, tasks, and plans. See Event class for some thoughts on classifying events. See also 'Transition'.

has super-classes
Eventc

production testing vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Production_Testing_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

Projectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Project

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Plan that defines Role(s), Task(s), and a specific structure for tasks to be executed in relation to goals to be achieved, in order to achieve the main goal of the project. In other words, a project is a plan with a subgoal structure and multiple roles and tasks.

has super-classes
Planc
definesopsome Rolec
definesopsome Taskc
definesopmin 3

protected zonec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ProtectedZone

has super-classes
placec
has sub-classes
marine heritagec, natura2000 zonec

pumping platformc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pumping_Platform

has super-classes
special craftc

pusher tugc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Pusher_Tug

has super-classes
tug vesselc

Qualityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Quality

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any aspect of an Entity (but not a part of it), which cannot exist without that Entity. For example, the way the surface of a specific PhysicalObject looks like, or the specific light of a place at a certain time, are examples of Quality, while the encoding of a Quality into e.g. a PhysicalAttribute should be modeled as a Region. From the design viewpoint, the Quality-Region distinction is useful only when individual aspects of an Entity are considered in a domain of discourse. For example, in an automotive context, it would be irrelevant to consider the aspects of car windows for a specific car, unless the factory wants to check a specific window against design parameters (anomaly detection). On the other hand, in an antiques context, the individual aspects for a specific piece of furniture are a major focus of attention, and may constitute the actual added value, because the design parameters for old furniture are often not fixed, and may not be viewed as 'anomalies'.

has super-classes
Entityc
has regionopsome Regionc
is quality ofopsome Entityc
has constituentoponly Qualityc
has partoponly Qualityc
is in domain of
is quality ofop
is in range of
has qualityop
is disjoint with
Abstractc, Eventc, Objectc

radarc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Radar

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

radar platformc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Radar_Platform

has super-classes
special craftc

radar stationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#radar_station

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

radar towerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#radar_tower

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

radar vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Radar_Vessel

has super-classes
military opsc

radio shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Radio_Ship

has super-classes
special craftc

rail vehicles carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Rail_Vehicles_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

raw positionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#RawPosition

Authors:
datAcron-project

raw data specifying the moving object's spatio-temporal position

has super-classes
trajectory partc

reeferc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Reefer

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

reefer containershipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Reefer_Containership

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

reefsc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Reefs

has super-classes
placec

regionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Region

has super-classes
geometryc
has sub-classes
boxc

Regionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Region

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any region in a dimensional space (a dimensional space is a maximal Region), which can be used as a value for a quality of an Entity . For example, TimeInterval, SpaceRegion, PhysicalAttribute, Amount, SocialAttribute are all subclasses of Region. Regions are not data values in the ordinary knowledge representation sense; in order to get patterns for modelling data, see the properties: representsDataValue and hasDataValue

has super-classes
Abstractc
is region foropsome Qualityc
has constituentoponly Regionc
has partoponly Regionc
overlapsoponly Regionc
precedesoponly Regionc
has sub-classes
Amountc, Physical attributec, Social attributec, Space regionc, Time intervalc, routec, route segmentc, spatio temporal regionc, trajectoryc, trajectory clusterc, trajectory partc
is in domain of
has region data valuedp, is parametrized byop, is region forop
is in range of
has regionop, parametrizesop

regulated trajectoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#RegulatedTrajectory

Authors:
datAcron-project

A trajectory that has been regulated

has super-classes
trajectoryc

Relationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Relation

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Relations are descriptions that can be considered as the counterpart of formal relations (that are included in the FormalEntity class). For example, 'givingGrantToInstitution(x,y,z)' with three argument types: Provider(x),Grant(y),Recipient(z), can have a Relation counterpart: 'GivingGrantToInstitution', which defines three Concept instances: Provider,Grant,Recipient. Since social objects are not formal entities, Relation includes here any 'relation-like' entity in common sense, including social relations.

has super-classes
Descriptionc
has sub-classes
Patternc, Social relationc

repair shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Repair_Ship

has super-classes
special craftc

replenishment vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Replenishment_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

research survey vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Research_Survey_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

Rightc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Right

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A legal position by which an Agent is entitled to obtain something from another Agent , under specified circumstances, through an enforcement explicited either in a Law, Contract , etc.

has super-classes
Descriptionc
defines roleopmin 2
defines taskopmin 1

river basin n portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#RiverBasinNPort

River Basin N - None port. See Pub150bk.pdf

has super-classes
portc

river natural portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#RiverNaturalPort

River Natural port.

has super-classes
portc

river tide gate portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#RiverTideGatePort

River Tide Gate port. See Pub150bk.pdf

has super-classes
portc

ro ro cargoc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Ro-Ro_Cargo

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

ro ro container carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Ro-Ro_Container_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

ro ro passenger shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Ro-Ro_Passenger_Ship

has super-classes
passenger vesselc

Rolec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Role

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Concept that classifies an Object

has super-classes
Conceptc
classifiesoponly Objectc
has partoponly Rolec
is in domain of
has taskop, is role defined inop, is role ofop
is in range of
defines roleop, has roleop, is task ofop
is disjoint with
Event typec, Parameterc

routec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Route

Authors:
datAcron-project

A course taken in getting from a starting point to a destination. A route is not bound to specific moving entities and has no requirement for time reference in the intermediate points. For example, the route that connects two sea ports, exists irrevelantly to the departure/arrival time.

has super-classes
Regionc
has sub-classes
aviation routec, land routec, marine routec

route availabilityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#RouteAvailability

has super-classes
information entityc
is in domain of
has route statusdp
is in range of
has route availabilityop

route segmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#RouteSegment

has super-classes
Regionc
is in domain of
has route availabilityop

s a r aircraftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#SAR_Aircraft

has super-classes
moving objectc

s a r vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#SAR_Vessel

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
offshore safety vesselc, salvage rescue vesselc, standby safety vesselc

sailing vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Sailing_Vessel

has super-classes
sailing vesselc
vesselc
has sub-classes
sailing vesselc

salvage rescue vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Salvage_Rescue_Vessel

has super-classes
s a r vesselc

sand suction dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Sand_Suction_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

sealerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Sealer

has super-classes
special craftc

seaplane aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Seaplane_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec

segmentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Segment

Authors:
datAcron-project

A trajectory part

has super-classes
trajectory partc

segment legc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#SegmentLeg

Authors:
datAcron-project

A portion of a procedure as defined by two consecutive significant points.

has super-classes
geometryc
has sub-classes
arrival legc, departure legc
is in domain of
has lower level referencedp, has upper level referencedp

self discharging bulk carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Self_Discharging_Bulk_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

Setc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Set

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-classes
Formal entityc
has sub-classes
aircraft modelc, fixing device typec, vessel typec
is in range of
is type ofop

shuttle tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Shuttle_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

significant pointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#SignificantPoint

Authors:
datAcron-project

A link class that allows selecting between a navaid system, a runway point, an airport reference point, an aiming point or a fix designated point. SignificantPoint accounts for a specified geographical location used to define an ATS route, the flight path of an aircraft or for other navigation/ATS purposes.

has super-classes
geometryc
has sub-classes
designated pointc

simplified directional facilityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Simplified_Directional_Facility

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as SDF

has super-classes
navaidc

Situationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Situation

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A view, consistent with ('satisfying') a Description, on a set of entities. It can also be seen as a 'relational context' created by an observer on the basis of a 'frame' (i.e. a Description). For example, a PlanExecution is a context including some actions executed by agents according to certain parameters and expected tasks to be achieved from a Plan; a DiagnosedSituation is a context of observed entities that is interpreted on the basis of a Diagnosis, etc. Situation is also able to represent reified n-ary relations, where isSettingFor is the top-level relation for all binary projections of the n-ary relation. If used in a transformation pattern for n-ary relations, the designer should take care of creating only one subclass of Situation for each n-ary relation, otherwise the 'identification constraint' (Calvanese et al., IJCAI 2001) could be violated.

has super-classes
Social objectc
satisfiesopsome Descriptionc
has sub-classes
Classificationc, Plan executionc, Transitionc
is in domain of
includes actionop, includes agentop, includes eventop, includes objectop, includes timeop, is setting forop, satisfiesop
is in range of
has settingop, is action included inop, is agent included inop, is event included inop, is object included inop, is satisfied byop, is time included inop
is disjoint with
Conceptc, Descriptionc, Information objectc, Social agentc

sludge carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Sludge_Carrier

has super-classes
special craftc

small aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#small_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec

small plus aerodromec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#small_plus_Aerodrome

has super-classes
aerodromec

small size portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#SmallSizePort

The classification of harbor size is based on several applicable factors, including area, facilities, and wharf space. It is not based on area alone or on any other single factor.

has super-classes
portc

Social agentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#SocialAgent

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any individual whose existence is granted simply by its social communicability and capability of action (through some PhysicalAgent).

has super-classes
Agentc
Social objectc
acts throughopsome Physical agentc
has sub-classes
Collective agentc, Organizationc, Personificationc, Social personc
is in domain of
acts throughop, is introduced byop
is in range of
acts forop, introducesop
is disjoint with
Conceptc, Descriptionc, Information objectc, Situationc

Social attributec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#SocialObjectAttribute

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any Region in a dimensional space that is used to represent some characteristic of a SocialObject, e.g. judgment values, social scalars, statistical attributes over a collection of entities, etc.

has super-classes
Regionc
is region foropsome Social objectc

Social objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#SocialObject

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any Object that exists only within some communication Event, in which at least one PhysicalObject participates in. In other words, all objects that have been or are created in the process of social communication: for the sake of communication (InformationObject), for incorporating new individuals (SocialAgent, Place), for contextualizing existing entities (Situation), for collecting existing entities (Collection), or for describing existing entities (Description, Concept). Being dependent on communication, all social objects need to be expressed by some information object (information object are self-expressing).

is equivalent to
Collectioncor Conceptcor Descriptioncor Information objectcor Placecor Situationcor Social agentc
has super-classes
Objectc
is expressed byopsome Information objectc
has partoponly Social objectc
has sub-classes
Collectionc, Conceptc, Descriptionc, Information objectc, Placec, Situationc, Social agentc
is in domain of
is conceptualized byop, is concretely expressed byop, is expressed byop, is specialized byop, specializesop
is in range of
conceptualizesop, concretely expressesop, expressesop, is specialized byop, specializesop
is disjoint with
Physical objectc

Social personc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#SocialPerson

Current version:
Formerly: Person (changed to avoid confusion with commonsense intuition)
is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A SocialAgent that needs the existence of a specific NaturalPerson in order to act (but the lifetime of the NaturalPerson has only to overlap that of the SocialPerson).

has super-classes
Personc
Social agentc
acts throughopexactly 1

Social relationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#SocialRelation

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any social relationship

has super-classes
Relationc

Space regionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#SpaceRegion

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any Region in a dimensional space that is used to localize an Entity ; i.e., it is not used to represent some characteristic (e.g. it excludes time intervals, colors, size values, judgment values, etc.). Differently from a Place , a space region has a specific dimensional space.

has super-classes
Regionc
is region foropsome Objectc
has sub-classes
f m airblockc
is disjoint with
Amountc, Physical attributec, Time intervalc

spatio temporalc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#SpatioTemporal

has super-classes
spatio temporal regionc
has sub-classes
f m airspacec

spatio temporal regionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#SpatioTemporalRegion

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-classes
Regionc
has constituentopsome Space regionc
has constituentopsome Time intervalc
has sub-classes
spatio temporalc

special craftc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Special_Craft

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
air cushion patrol vesselc, air cushion vesselc, air cushion work vesselc, anchor handling fire fightingc, anchor handling vesselc, barge carrierc, buoy laying vesselc, cable layerc, construction support vesselc, crane bargec, crane jack upc, crane shipc, desalination pontoonc, diving support platformc, fire fighting supply vesselc, fire fighting tractor tugc, fire fighting vesselc, floating cranec, floating linkspanc, floating sheerlegc, floating storage productionc, grain elevating pontoonc, heavy lift vesselc, incineratorc, inland supply vesselc, jack up bargec, jacket launching pontoonc, landing craftc, maintenance vesselc, mining vesselc, mission shipc, mooring vesselc, motor hopperc, multi purpose offshore vesselc, multi purpose vesselc, nuclear fuel carrierc, offshore construction jack upc, offshore supply shipc, paddle shipc, pearl shells carrierc, pile driving vesselc, pipe burying vesselc, pipe layerc, pipe layer platformc, pipelay crane vesselc, platformc, power station vesselc, production testing vesselc, pumping platformc, radar platformc, radio shipc, repair shipc, replenishment vesselc, research survey vesselc, sealerc, sludge carrierc, special vesselc, steam supply pontoonc, supply jack upc, supply vesselc, support jack upc, support vesselc, tank cleaning vesselc, training shipc, trans shipment vesselc, trenching support vesselc, utility vesselc, waste disposal vesselc, well stimulation vesselc, whale factoryc, whalerc, work pontoonc, work vesselc

special vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Special_Vessel

Special purpose ship (SPS) means a mechanically self-propelled ship which by reason of its function carries on board more than 12 special personnel. (SPS Code para 1.3.12)

has super-classes
special craftc

spot elevationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Spot_elevation

has super-classes
elevated placec

standard instrument arrivalc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#StandardInstrumentArrival

Authors:
datAcron-project

In aviation, a standard terminal arrival route or standard terminal arrival (STAR) is a published procedure followed by aircrafts on an IFR flight plan just before reaching a destination airport. A STAR is an ATC-coded IFR arrival route established for application to arriving IFR aircraft destined for certain airports

has super-classes
documentc
is in domain of
has i f r approach fix navaidop, has i f r approach fix pointop, has i f r availabilitydp, has i f r designated pointop, has i f r designatordp, has i f r instructiondp, has i f r navaidop, is standard instrument arrival for airportop

standard instrument departurec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#StandardInstrumentDeparture

Authors:
datAcron-project

In aviation, a standard terminal departure route or standard terminal arrival (STAR) is a published procedure followed by aircrafts on an IFR flight plan leaving a departure airport.

has super-classes
documentc
is in domain of
is standard instrument departure for airportop

standby safety vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Standby_Safety_Vessel

has super-classes
s a r vesselc

staticc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Static

Authors:
datAcron-project

Contextual information that will never change

has super-classes
contextual informationc

steam supply pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Steam_Supply_Pontoon

has super-classes
special craftc

stone carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Stone_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

Substancec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Substance

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any PhysicalBody that has not necessarily specified (designed) boundaries, e.g. a pile of trash, some sand, etc. In this sense, an artistic object made of trash or a dose of medicine in the form of a pill would be a FunctionalSubstance, and a DesignedArtifact, since its boundaries are specified by a Design; aleatoric objects that are outcomes of an artistic process might be still considered DesignedArtifact(s), and Substance(s).

has super-classes
Physical bodyc
has sub-classes
Functional substancec

suction dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Suction_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

suction dredger pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Suction_Dredger_Pontoon

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

suction hopper dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Suction_Hopper_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

supply jack upc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Supply_Jack_Up

has super-classes
special craftc

supply tenderc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Supply_Tender

has super-classes
port tenderc

supply vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Supply_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

support jack upc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Support_Jack_Up

has super-classes
special craftc

support vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Support_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

surveillance stationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#SurveillanceStation

Authors:
datAcron-project
has super-classes
placec
has sub-classes
antennac, beaconc, buoyc, communication towerc, control towerc, e s s stationc, g p s survey stationc, meteorological stationc, radarc, radar stationc, radar towerc, tower fixpointc, transmitterc

synthetic trajectoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#SyntheticTrajectory

Authors:
datAcron-project

A trajectory that is constructed by a simulation process. This is not necessary an intended trajectory, while intented trajectories can be produced from simulation processes. A major dofference from intented trajectory, is that simulation and generation of synthetic trajectories can be refer to both past and future temporal periods, while intented trajectory refers to only future time periods.

has super-classes
trajectoryc

tactical air navigation beaconc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tactical_Air_Navigation_Beacon

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as TACAN

has super-classes
navaidc
has sub-classes
v o r and t a c a nc

tank bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tank_Barge

has super-classes
tankerc

tank cleaning vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tank-Cleaning_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tanker

Oil tanker means a ship constructed or adapted primarily to carry oil in bulk in its cargo spaces and includes combination carriers, any "NLS tanker" as defined in Annex II of the present Convention and any gas carrier as defined in regulation 3.20 of chapter II-1 of SOLAS 74 (as amended), when carrying a cargo or part cargo of oil in bulk. (MARPOL Annex I reg. 1.5)

has super-classes
tankerc
vesselc
has sub-classes
asphalt bitumen tankerc, bunkering tankerc, chemical tankerc, co2 tankerc, crude oil tankerc, edible oil tankerc, fruit juice tankerc, gas carrierc, inland tankerc, lng tankerc, lpg chemical tankerc, lpg tankerc, oil chemical tankerc, oil products tankerc, shuttle tankerc, tank bargec, tankerc, tanker hazard a majorc, tanker hazard bc, tanker hazard c minorc, water tankerc, wine tankerc

tanker hazard a majorc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#TankerHazard_A_Major

has super-classes
tankerc

tanker hazard bc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#TankerHazard_B

has super-classes
tankerc

tanker hazard c minorc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#TankerHazard_C_Minor

has super-classes
tankerc

Taskc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Task

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

An EventType that classifies an Action to be executed. For example, reaching a destination is a task that can be executed by performing certain actions, e.g. driving a car, buying a train ticket, etc. The actions to execute a task can also be organized according to a Plan that is not the same as the one that defines the task (if any). For example, reaching a destination could be defined by a plan to get on holidays, while the plan to execute the task can consist of putting some travels into a sequence.

has super-classes
Event typec
has partoponly Taskc
is executed inoponly Actionc
is task defined inoponly Descriptionc
is task ofoponly Rolec
is in domain of
is executed inop, is task defined inop, is task ofop
is in range of
defines taskop, executes taskop, has taskop

tenderc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tender

has super-classes
port tenderc

terminal waypointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#TerminalWaypoint

has super-classes
waypointc

theatre vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Theatre_Vessel

has super-classes
pleasure craftc

Theoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Theory

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Theory is a Description that represents a set of assumptions for describing something, usually general. Scientific, philosophical, and commonsense theories can be included here. This class can also be used to act as 'naturalized reifications' of logical theories (of course, they will be necessarily incomplete in this case, because second-order entities are represented as first-order ones).

has super-classes
Descriptionc
has componentopsome Relationc

timber carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Timber_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

timec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Time

Authors:
datAcron-project

Any temporal entity. Please notice that the super-class 'Time interval' is not restricted to proper intervals, i.e. starting time is not necessary different from ending time.

has super-classes
Time intervalc
has sub-classes
instantc, periodc
is in domain of
is periodic for daydp, time enddp, time startdp
is in range of
has temporal featureop

Time intervalc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#TimeInterval

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any Region in a dimensional space that aims at representing time.

has super-classes
Regionc
is time interval ofopsome Eventc
has sub-classes
timec
is in domain of
has interval datedp, is time included inop, is time interval ofop, is time of observation ofop
is in range of
has time intervalop, includes timeop, is observable atop
is disjoint with
Amountc, Physical attributec, Space regionc

torpedo recovery vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Torpedo_Recovery_Vessel

has super-classes
military opsc

tower fixpointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#tower_fixpoint

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

towing pushingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Towing_Pushing

has super-classes
tug vesselc

towing vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Towing_Vessel

has super-classes
tug vesselc

tractor tugc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tractor_Tug

has super-classes
tug vesselc

trailing suction dredgerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Trailing_Suction_Dredger

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

trailing suction hopper dredgec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Trailing_Suction_Hopper_Dredge

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

training shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Training_Ship

has super-classes
special craftc

trajectoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Trajectory

Authors:
datAcron-project

A trajectory consists of a sequence of temporally non-overlapping trajectory parts that can be either semantic nodes, raw positions reported from sensing devises, or trajectory segments. Each trajectory part may be associated to a specific geometry, representing a point or region of occurrence, and a temporal entity specifying an instant or time interval of occurrence.

has super-classes
Regionc
has sub-classes
actual trajectoryc, intented trajectoryc, regulated trajectoryc, synthetic trajectoryc
is in domain of
departure of trajectoryop, destination of trajectoryop, has partop

trajectory clusterc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#TrajectoryCluster

A set of trajectories of one or more moving objects that have common spatio-temporal or contextual features, such as departure, destination, intermediate positions, etc

has super-classes
Regionc

trajectory partc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#TrajectoryPart

Authors:
datAcron-project

A Node, a raw position or a segment of a trajectory

has super-classes
Regionc
has sub-classes
nodec, raw positionc, segmentc
is in domain of
comprisesop, has contextual featureop, has headingdp, has successorop
is in range of
comprisesop, has partop, has successorop, occursop

trans shipment bargec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Trans_Shipment_Barge

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

trans shipment vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Trans_Shipment_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

Transitionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Transition

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A transition is a Situation that creates a context for three TimeInterval(s), two additional different Situation(s), one Event, one Process, and at least one Object: the Event is observed as the cause for the transition, one Situation is the state before the transition, the second Situation is the state after the transition, the Process is the invariance under some different transitions (including the one represented here), in which at least one Object is situated. Finally, the time intervals position the situations and the transitional event in time. This class of situations partly encodes the ontology underlying typical engineering algebras for processes, e.g. Petri Nets. A full representation of the transition ontology is outside the expressivity of OWL, because we would need qualified cardinality restrictions, coreference, property equivalence, and property composition.

has super-classes
Situationc
is setting foropsome Processc
is setting foropsome Situationc
includes eventopmin 2
includes objectopmin 1
includes timeopmin 3
is setting foropmin 8

transmitterc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#transmitter

has super-classes
surveillance stationc

transponder landing systemc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Transponder_Landing_System

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as TLS

has super-classes
navaidc

trawlerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Trawler

has super-classes
fishing vesselc

trenching support vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Trenching_Support_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

troopshipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Troopship

has super-classes
military opsc

tugc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tug

has super-classes
tug vesselc

tug fire fighting vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tug_Fire_Fighting_Vessel

has super-classes
tug vesselc

tug ice breakerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tug_Ice_Breaker

has super-classes
tug vesselc

tug pilot shipc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tug_Pilot_Ship

has super-classes
tug vesselc

tug supply vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tug_Supply_Vessel

has super-classes
tug vesselc

tug supportc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tug_Support

has super-classes
tug vesselc

tug tenderc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tug_Tender

has super-classes
tug vesselc

tug vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Tug_Vessel

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
anchor handling salvage tugc, articulated pusher tugc, icebreakerc, inland tugc, pusher tugc, towing pushingc, towing vesselc, tractor tugc, tugc, tug fire fighting vesselc, tug ice breakerc, tug pilot shipc, tug supply vesselc, tug supportc, tug tenderc

Type collectionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#TypeCollection

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Collection whose members are the maximal set of individuals that share the same (named) type, e.g. "the gem stones", "the Italians". This class is very useful to apply a variety of the so-called "ClassesAsValues" design pattern, when it is used to talk about the extensional aspect of a class. An alternative variety of the pattern applies to the intensional aspect of a class, and the class Concept should be used instead.

has super-classes
Collectionc

typhoon harbor portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#TyphoonHarborPort

Typhoon Harbor port. See Pub150bk.pdf

has super-classes
portc

unclassified navaidc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Unclassified_navaid

Authors:
datAcron-project

Undefined Navaid type

has super-classes
navaidc

undefined routec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#UndefinedRoute

has super-classes
aviation routec

undefined vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Undefined_Vessel

has super-classes
vesselc

Unit of measurec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#UnitOfMeasure

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Units of measure are conceptualized here as parameters on regions, which can be valued as datatype values.

has super-classes
Parameterc
parametrizesopsome Regionc

unknown model categoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#UnknownModelCategory

has super-classes
aircraft modelc

utility vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Utility_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

v h f omnidirectional radio rangec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#VHF_Omnidirectional_Radio_Range

Authors:
datAcron-project

Also known as VOR

has super-classes
navaidc
has sub-classes
v o r and d m ec, v o r and t a c a nc

v o r and d m ec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#VOR_and_DME

Authors:
datAcron-project

VOR_DME

has super-classes
distance measuring equipmentc
v h f omnidirectional radio rangec

v o r and t a c a nc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#VOR_and_TACAN

Authors:
datAcron-project

VORTAC

has super-classes
tactical air navigation beaconc
v h f omnidirectional radio rangec

vegetable animal oil tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Vegetable_Animal_Oil_Tanker

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

vehicle carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Vehicle_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

vehicles carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Vehicles_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

very small size portc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#VerySmallSizePort

The classification of harbor size is based on several applicable factors, including area, facilities, and wharf space. It is not based on area alone or on any other single factor.

has super-classes
portc

vessel typec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#VesselType

has super-classes
Setc

w i g vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#WIG_Vessel

has super-classes
vesselc
has sub-classes
wing in ground effect vesselc

waste disposal vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Waste_Disposal_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

water jet dredging pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Water_Jet_Dredging_Pontoon

has super-classes
dredger vesselc

water tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Water_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

waypointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Waypoint

Authors:
datAcron-project

Waypoint. A specified geographical location used to define an area navigation route or the flight path of an aircraft employing area navigation. Example: "the airplane is located 10 miles north of WOODY"

has super-classes
designated pointc
has sub-classes
a d r boundary waypointc, a d r ref waypointc, coord waypointc, fly by waypointc, flyover waypointc, i c a o waypointc, terminal waypointc

weather conditionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#WeatherCondition

Authors:
datAcron-project

A weather condition reported for an associated Region

has super-classes
dynamicc
is in domain of
reported dew pointdp, reported max temperaturedp, reported min temperaturedp, reported pressuredp, wind direction maxdp, wind direction mindp, wind speed maxdp, wind speed mindp

well stimulation vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Well_Stimulation_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

whale factoryc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Whale_Factory

has super-classes
special craftc

whalerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Whaler

has super-classes
special craftc

wine tankerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Wine_Tanker

has super-classes
tankerc

wing in ground effect vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Wing_In_Ground_Effect_Vessel

has super-classes
w i g vesselc

wood chips carrierc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Wood_Chips_Carrier

has super-classes
cargo vesselc

work pontoonc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Work_Pontoon

has super-classes
special craftc

work vesselc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Work_Vessel

has super-classes
special craftc

Workflowc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#Workflow

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Plan that defines Role(s), Task(s), and a specific structure for tasks to be executed, usually supporting the work of an Organization

has super-classes
Planc
definesopsome Rolec
definesopsome Taskc
definesopmin 3

Workflow executionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#WorkflowExecution

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
is equivalent to
Plan executioncand (satisfiesopsome Workflowc)
has super-classes
Plan executionc

yachtc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Yacht

has super-classes
pleasure craftc

Properties

acts forop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#actsFor

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The relation holding between any Agent, and a SocialAgent. In principle, a SocialAgent requires at least one PhysicalAgent in order to act, but this dependency can be 'delegated'; e.g. a university can be acted for by a department, which on its turm is acted for by physical agents.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Agentc
has range
Social agentc
is inverse of
acts throughop

acts throughop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#actsThrough

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The relation holding between a PhysicalAgent and a SocialAgent. In principle, a SocialAgent requires at least one PhysicalAgent in order to act, but this dependency can be 'delegated', e.g. a university can be acted for by a department, which is acted for by physical agents. AKA isActedBy

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Social agentc
has range
Agentc
is inverse of
acts forop

aerodrome serves cityop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#Aerodrome_serves_City

has super-properties
associatedWithop

affected byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#affectedBy

has domain
Entityc
has range
Eventc
is inverse of
affectsop

affectsop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#affects

has domain
Eventc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
affected byop
is also defined as
data property

aircraft owned byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#AircraftOwnedBy

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
aircraftc
has range
aircraft ownerc

associatedWithop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#associatedWith

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A catch-all object property, useful for alignment and querying purposes.

has characteristics: symmetric, transitive

has sub-properties
acts forop, acts throughop, aerodrome serves cityop, aircraft owned byop, belongs toop, characterizesop, classifiesop, co-participates withop, conceptualizesop, concretely expressesop, coversop, describesop, expressesop, far fromop, followsop, has common boundaryop, has constituentop, has i f r approach fix navaidop, has i f r approach fix pointop, has i f r designated pointop, has i f r navaidop, has locationop, has memberop, has partop, has participantop, has qualityop, has regionop, has route availabilityop, has settingop, has vessel countryop, introducesop, is aboutop, is characterized byop, is classified byop, is concept used inop, is conceptualized byop, is concretely expressed byop, is constituent ofop, is covered byop, is described byop, is expressed byop, is in the same setting asop, is introduced byop, is known asop, is location ofop, is member ofop, is ownership ofop, is part ofop, is participant inop, is quality ofop, is realized byop, is reference ofop, is reference of information realized byop, is region forop, is related to conceptop, is related to descriptionop, is reported byop, is satisfied byop, is setting forop, is specialized byop, is standard instrument arrival for airportop, is standard instrument departure for airportop, is unified byop, near toop, of airspace layerop, overlapsop, precedesop, realizesop, realizes information aboutop, satisfiesop, specializesop, unifiesop, uses conceptop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
associatedWithop, associatedWithop

belongs toop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#belongsTo

has super-properties
associatedWithop

characterizesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#characterizes

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between concepts and collections, where a Concept is said to characterize a Collection; it corresponds to a link between the (reified) intensional and extensional interpretations of a proper subset of a (reified) class. This is different from covers, because it refers to an interpretation the entire reified class. E.g. the collection of vintage saxophones is characterized by the Concept 'manufactured by hand', while it gets covered by the Concept 'Saxophone' with the Parameter 'Vintage'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Collectionc
is inverse of
is characterized byop

classifiesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#classifies

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a Concept and an Entity, e.g. the Role 'student' classifies a Person 'John'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
is constraint forop, is executed inop, is role ofop, parametrizesop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is classified byop

co-participates withop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#coparticipatesWith

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between two objects participating in a same Event; e.g., 'Vitas and Jimmy are playing tennis'.

has characteristics: symmetric

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Objectc
has range
Objectc
is inverse of
co-participates withop, co-participates withop

comprisesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#comprises

has super-properties
has partop
has sub-properties
has endop, has startop
has domain
trajectory partc
has range
trajectory partc

conceptualizesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#conceptualizes

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation stating that an Agent is internally representing a SocialObject: situations, descriptions, concepts, etc. E.g., 'John believes in the conspiracy theory'; 'Niels Bohr created the solar-system metaphor for the atomic theory'; 'Jacques assumes all swans are white'; 'the task force members share the attack plan'. Conceptualizations can be distinguished into different forms, primarily based on the type of SocialObject that is conceptualized. Descriptions and concepts can be 'assumed', situations can be 'believed' or 'known', plans can be 'adopted', etc. (see ontology: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/Conceptualization.owl.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Agentc
has range
Social objectc
is inverse of
is conceptualized byop

concretely expressesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#concretelyExpresses

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an InformationRealization and a Description, e.g. 'the printout of the Italian Constitution concretelyExpresses the Italian Constitution'. It should be supplied also with a rule stating that the InformationRealization realizes an InformationObject that expresses the Description

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Information realizationc
has range
Social objectc
is inverse of
is concretely expressed byop

configuration of airspaceop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#configurationOfAirspace

has domain
f m configurationc
has range
f m airspacec

controlled by a t cop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#controlledByATC

has domain
operatorc
has range
f m airspacec

coversop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#covers

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between concepts and collections, where a Concept is said to cover a Collection; it corresponds to a link between the (reified) intensional and extensional interpretations of a (reified) class. E.g. the collection of vintage saxophones is covered by the Concept 'Saxophone' with the Parameter 'Vintage'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Collectionc
is inverse of
is covered byop

definesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#defines

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a Description and a Concept, e.g. a Workflow for a governmental Organization defines the Role 'officer', or 'the Italian Traffic Law defines the role Vehicle'.

has super-properties
uses conceptop
has sub-properties
defines roleop, defines taskop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
is defined inop

defines roleop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#definesRole

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a description and a role, e.g. the recipe for a cake defines the role 'ingredient'.

has super-properties
definesop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Rolec
is inverse of
is role defined inop

defines taskop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#definesTask

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a description and a task, e.g. the recipe for a cake defines the task 'boil'.

has super-properties
definesop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Taskc
is inverse of
is task defined inop

departure airportop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#departureAirport

has super-properties
has departureop
has domain
f m flight planc
has range
aerodromec

departure of trajectoryop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#departureOfTrajectory

has super-properties
has departureop
has domain
trajectoryc
has range
Entityc
is also defined as
data property

describesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#describes

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The relation between a Description and an Entity : a Description gives a unity to a Collection of parts (the components), or constituents, by assigning a Role to each of them in the context of a whole Object (the system). A same Entity can be given different descriptions, for example, an old cradle can be given a unifying Description based on the original aesthetic design, the functionality it was built for, or a new aesthetic functionality in which it can be used as a flower pot.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is described byop

destination airportop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#destinationAirport

has super-properties
has destinationop
has domain
f m flight planc
has range
aerodromec

destination of trajectoryop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#destinationOfTrajectory

has super-properties
has destinationop
has domain
trajectoryc
has range
Entityc
is also defined as
data property

direct part of f a oop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#directPartOfFAO

has domain
f a o areac
has range
f a o areac

directly followsop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#directlyFollows

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The intransitive follows relation. For example, Wednesday directly precedes Thursday. Directness of precedence depends on the designer conceptualization.

has super-properties
followsop
has sub-properties
has preconditionop, is postcondition ofop, is subordinated toop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
directly precedesop

directly precedesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#directlyPrecedes

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The intransitive precedes relation. For example, Monday directly precedes Tuesday. Directness of precedence depends on the designer conceptualization.

has super-properties
precedesop
has sub-properties
has postconditionop, has successorop, is precondition ofop, is superordinated toop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
directly followsop

executes taskop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#executesTask

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an action and a task, e.g. 'putting some water in a pot and putting the pot on a fire until the water starts bubbling' executes the task 'boiling'.

has super-properties
is classified byop
has domain
Actionc
has range
Taskc
is inverse of
is executed inop

expandsop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#expands

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A partial order relation that holds between descriptions. It represents the proper part relation between a description and another description featuring the same properties as the former, with at least one additional one. Descriptions can be expanded either by adding other descriptions as parts, or by refining concepts that are used by them. An 'intention' to expand must be present (unless purely formal theories are considered, but even in this case a criterion of relevance is usually active).

has super-properties
is related to descriptionop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
is expanded inop

expressesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#expresses

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an InformationObject and a 'meaning', generalized here as a 'SocialObject'. For example: 'A Beehive is a structure in which bees are kept, typically in the form of a dome or box.' (Oxford dictionary)'; 'the term Beehive expresses the concept Beehive in my apiculture ontology'. The intuition for 'meaning' is intended to be very broad. A separate, large comment is included for those who want to investigate more on what kind of meaning can be represented in what form.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
expresses conceptop
has domain
Information objectc
has range
Social objectc
is inverse of
is expressed byop

expresses conceptop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#expressesConcept

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an InformationObject and a Concept , e.g. the term "dog" expresses the Concept "dog". For expressing a relational meaning, see the more general object property: expresses

has super-properties
expressesop
has domain
Information objectc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
is concept expressed byop

far fromop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#farFrom

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Generic distance relation between any Entity(s). E.g. Rome is far from Beijing, astronomy is far from necromancy.

has characteristics: symmetric

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
far fromop, far fromop

followsop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#follows

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between entities, expressing a 'sequence' schema. E.g. 'year 2000 follows 1999', 'preparing coffee' follows 'deciding what coffee to use', 'II World War follows I World War', etc. It can be used between tasks, processes or time intervals, and subproperties would fit best in order to distinguish the different uses.

has characteristics: transitive

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
directly followsop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
precedesop

has aircraft modelop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasAircraftModel

has super-properties
is type ofop

has airline countryop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasAirlineCountry

Authors:
datAcron-project

Each airline is located at a country. This property expresses the relation between an airline and the country it is located in.

has super-properties
has locationop

has common boundaryop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasCommonBoundary

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation to encode either formal or informal characterizations of 'boundaries' common to two different entities: an Event that ends when another begins, two abstract regions that have a common topological boundary, two objects that are said to be 'in contact' from a commonsense perspective, etc.

has characteristics: symmetric

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
has common boundaryop, has common boundaryop

has componentop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasComponent

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The hasPart relation without transitivity, holding between an Object (the system) and another (the component), and assuming a Design that structures the Object.

has super-properties
has partop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is component ofop

has constituentop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasConstituent

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

'Constituency' depends on some layering of the world described by the ontology. For example, scientific granularities (e.g. body-organ-tissue-cell) or ontological 'strata' (e.g. social-mental-biological-physical) are typical layerings. Intuitively, a constituent is a part belonging to a lower layer. Since layering is actually a partition of the world described by the ontology, constituents are not properly classified as parts, although this kinship can be intuitive for common sense. A desirable advantage of this distinction is that we are able to talk e.g. of physical constituents of non-physical objects (e.g. systems), while this is not possible in terms of parts. Example of are the persons constituting a social system, the molecules constituting a person, the atoms constituting a river, etc. In all these examples, we notice a typical discontinuity between the constituted and the constituent object: e.g. a social system is conceptualized at a different layer from the persons that constitute it, a person is conceptualized at a different layer from the molecules that constitute them, and a river is conceptualized at a different layer from the atoms that constitute it.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
has end instantop, has geometryop, has high pointop, has low pointop, has start instantop, has temporal featureop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is constituent ofop

has constraintop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasConstraint

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between parameters and entities. It allows to assert generic constraints (encoded as parameters), e.g. MinimumAgeForDriving isConstraintFor John (where John is a legal subject under the TrafficLaw). The intended semantics (not expressible in OWL) is that a Parameter isParameterFor a Concept that classifies an Entity; moreover, it entails that a Parameter parametrizes a Region that isRegionFor that Entity.

has super-properties
is classified byop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Parameterc
is inverse of
is constraint forop

has contextual featureop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasContextualFeature

has departureop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasDeparture

has sub-properties
departure airportop, departure of trajectoryop
has range
Entityc
is also defined as
data property

has dependence toop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasDependenceTo

Authors:
datAcron-project

An entity is dependent from another entity, e.g. an airport that depends on another collocated airport

has sub-properties
sovereignt ofop

has destinationop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasDestination

has sub-properties
destination airportop, destination of trajectoryop
has range
Entityc
is also defined as
data property

has endop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasEnd

has super-properties
comprisesop

has end instantop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasEndInstant

has super-properties
has constituentop
has domain
periodc
has range
instantc

has ending nav aidop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasEndingNavAid

has range
navaidc

has ending pointop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasEndingPoint

Authors:
datAcron-project
has range
geometryc

has geometryop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasGeometry

has super-properties
has constituentop
has range
geometryc

has high pointop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasHighPoint

has super-properties
has constituentop
has domain
boxc
has range
pointc

has i f r approach fix navaidop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasIFR_ApproachFix_Navaid

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
standard instrument arrivalc
has range
navaidc

has i f r approach fix pointop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasIFR_ApproachFix_Point

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
standard instrument arrivalc
has range
designated pointc

has i f r designated pointop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasIFR_DesignatedPoint

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
standard instrument arrivalc
has range
designated pointc

has i f r navaidop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasIFR_Navaid

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
standard instrument arrivalc
has range
navaidc

has locationop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasLocation

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A generic, relative spatial location, holding between any entities. E.g. 'the cat is on the mat', 'Omar is in Samarcanda', 'the wound is close to the femural artery'. For 'absolute' locations, see SpaceRegion

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
has airline countryop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is location ofop

has low pointop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasLowPoint

has super-properties
has constituentop
has domain
boxc
has range
pointc

has memberop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasMember

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between collections and entities, e.g. 'my collection of saxophones includes an old Adolphe Sax original alto' (i.e. my collection has member an Adolphe Sax alto).

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Collectionc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is member ofop

has opening periodop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasOpeningPeriod

has super-properties
has temporal featureop
has range
periodc

has parameterop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasParameter

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Concept can have a Parameter that constrains the attributes that a classified Entity can have in a certain Situation, e.g. a 4WheelDriver Role definedIn the ItalianTrafficLaw has a MinimumAge parameter on the Amount 16.

has super-properties
is related to conceptop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Parameterc
is inverse of
is parameter forop

has partop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasPart

has super-properties
has partop
has sub-properties
comprisesop
has domain
trajectoryc
has range
trajectory partc

has partop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasPart

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A schematic relation between any entities, e.g. 'the human body has a brain as part', '20th century contains year 1923', 'World War II includes the Pearl Harbour event'. Subproperties and restrictions can be used to specialize hasPart for objects, events, etc.

has characteristics: transitive

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
has componentop, has partop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is part ofop

has participantop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasParticipant

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an object and a process, e.g. 'John took part in the discussion', 'a large mass of snow fell during the avalanche', or 'a cook, some sugar, flour, etc. are all present in the cooking of a cake'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
involves agentop
has domain
Eventc
has range
Objectc
is inverse of
is participant inop

has postconditionop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasPostcondition

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Direct succession applied to situations. E.g., 'A postcondition of our Plan is to have things settled'.

has super-properties
directly precedesop
has domain
Eventcor Situationc
has range
Eventcor Situationc
is inverse of
is postcondition ofop

has preconditionop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasPrecondition

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Direct precedence applied to situations. E.g., 'A precondition to declare war against a foreign country is claiming to find nuclear weapons in it'.

has super-properties
directly followsop
has domain
Eventcor Situationc
has range
Eventcor Situationc
is inverse of
is precondition ofop

has qualityop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasQuality

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between entities and qualities, e.g. 'Dmitri's skin is yellowish'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Qualityc
is inverse of
is quality ofop

has regionop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasRegion

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between entities and regions, e.g. 'the number of wheels of that truck is 12', 'the time of the experiment is August 9th, 2004', 'the whale has been localized at 34 degrees E, 20 degrees S'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
has time intervalop, is observable atop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Regionc
is inverse of
is region forop

has roleop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasRole

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an object and a role, e.g. the person 'John' has role 'student'.

has super-properties
is classified byop
has domain
Objectc
has range
Rolec
is inverse of
is role ofop

has route availabilityop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasRouteAvailability

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
route segmentc
has range
route availabilityc

has settingop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasSetting

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between entities and situations, e.g. 'this morning I've prepared my coffee with a new fantastic Arabica', i.e.: (an amount of) a new fantastic Arabica hasSetting the preparation of my coffee this morning.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
is event included inop, is object included inop, is time included inop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Situationc
is inverse of
is setting forop

has startop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasStart

has super-properties
comprisesop

has start instantop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasStartInstant

has super-properties
has constituentop
has domain
periodc
has range
instantc

has starting nav aidop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasStartingNavAid

has range
navaidc

has starting pointop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasStartingPoint

Authors:
datAcron-project

This property identifies the starting point of a SengmentLeg, such as DepartureLeg/ArrivalLeg.

has range
geometryc

has successorop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasSuccessor

has super-properties
directly precedesop
has domain
trajectory partc
has range
trajectory partc

has taskop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasTask

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between roles and tasks, e.g. 'students have the duty of giving exams' (i.e. the Role 'student' hasTask the Task 'giving exams').

has super-properties
is related to conceptop
has domain
Rolec
has range
Taskc
is inverse of
is task ofop

has temporal featureop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasTemporalFeature

has super-properties
has constituentop
has sub-properties
has opening periodop
has range
timec

has time intervalop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#hasTimeInterval

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The generic relation between events and time intervals.

has super-properties
has regionop
has domain
Eventc
has range
Time intervalc
is inverse of
is time interval ofop

has vessel countryop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#hasVesselCountry

Authors:
datAcron-project

The country a specific vessel belongs.

has super-properties
associatedWithop

has vessel fixing device typeop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#has_vesselFixingDeviceType

has domain
vesselc
has range
fixing device typec

has vessel length registeredop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#has_vesselLengthRegistered

has domain
vesselc

has vessel net tonnageop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#has_vesselNetTonnage

has domain
vesselc

has vessel width registeredop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#has_vesselWidthRegistered

has domain
vesselc

includes actionop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#includesAction

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between situations and actions, e.g. 'this morning I've prepared my coffee and had my fingers burnt' (i.e.: the preparation of my coffee this morning included a burning of my fingers).

has super-properties
includes eventop
has domain
Situationc
has range
Actionc
is inverse of
is action included inop

includes agentop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#includesAgent

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between situations and persons, e.g. 'this morning I've prepared my coffee and had my fingers burnt' (i.e.: the preparation of my coffee this morning included me).

has super-properties
includes objectop
has domain
Situationc
has range
Agentc
is inverse of
is agent included inop

includes eventop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#includesEvent

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between situations and events, e.g. 'this morning I've prepared my coffee and had my fingers burnt' (i.e.: the preparation of my coffee this morning included a burning of my fingers).

has super-properties
is setting forop
has sub-properties
includes actionop
has domain
Situationc
has range
Eventc
is inverse of
is event included inop

includes objectop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#includesObject

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between situations and objects, e.g. 'this morning I've prepared my coffee and had my fingers burnt' (i.e.: the preparation of my coffee this morning included me).

has super-properties
is setting forop
has sub-properties
includes agentop
has domain
Situationc
has range
Objectc
is inverse of
is object included inop

includes timeop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#includesTime

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between situations and time intervals, e.g. 'this morning I've prepared my coffee and had my fingers burnt' (i.e.: preparing my coffee was held this morning). A data value attached to the time interval typically complements this modelling pattern.

has super-properties
is setting forop
has domain
Situationc
has range
Time intervalc
is inverse of
is time included inop

introducesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#introduces

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a Description and a SocialAgent, e.g. a Constitutional Charter introduces the SocialAgent 'PresidentOfRepublic'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Social agentc
is inverse of
is introduced byop

involves agentop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#involvesAgent

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Agent participation.

has super-properties
has participantop
has domain
Eventc
has range
Agentc
is inverse of
is agent involved inop

is aboutop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isAbout

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between information objects and any Entity (including information objects). It can be used to talk about e.g. entities are references of proper nouns: the proper noun 'Leonardo da Vinci' isAbout the Person Leonardo da Vinci; as well as to talk about sets of entities that can be described by a common noun: the common noun 'person' isAbout the set of all persons in a domain of discourse, which can be represented in DOLCE-Ultralite as an individual of the class: Collection . The isAbout relation is reflexive (not expressible in OWL1.0), because information objects are also about themselves.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Information objectc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is reference ofop

is action included inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isActionIncludedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-properties
is event included inop
has domain
Actionc
has range
Situationc
is inverse of
includes actionop

is agent included inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isAgentIncludedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-properties
is object included inop
has domain
Agentc
has range
Situationc
is inverse of
includes agentop

is agent involved inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isAgentInvolvedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Agent participation.

has super-properties
is participant inop
has domain
Agentc
has range
Eventc
is inverse of
involves agentop

is characterized byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isCharacterizedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Collectionc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
characterizesop

is classified byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isClassifiedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a Concept and an Entity, e.g. 'John is considered a typical rude man'; your last concert constitutes the achievement of a lifetime; '20-year-old means she's mature enough'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
executes taskop, has constraintop, has roleop, is parametrized byop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
classifiesop

is component ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isComponentOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The hasPart relation without transitivity, holding between an Object (the system) and another (the component), and assuming a Design that structures the Object.

has super-properties
is part ofop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
has componentop

is concept expressed byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isConceptExpressedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an InformationObject and a Concept , e.g. the term "dog" expresses the Concept "dog". For expressing a relational meaning, see the more general object property: expresses

has super-properties
is expressed byop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Information objectc
is inverse of
expresses conceptop

is concept used inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isConceptUsedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A more generic relation holding between a Description and a Concept. In order to be used, a Concept must be previously definedIn another Description

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
is defined inop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
uses conceptop

is conceptualized byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isConceptualizedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation stating that an Agent is internally representing a Description . E.g., 'John believes in the conspiracy theory'; 'Niels Bohr created a solar-system metaphor for his atomic theory'; 'Jacques assumes all swans are white'; 'the task force shares the attack plan'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Social objectc
has range
Agentc
is inverse of
conceptualizesop

is concretely expressed byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isConcretelyExpressedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an InformationRealization and a Description, e.g. 'the printout of the Italian Constitution concretelyExpresses the Italian Constitution'. It should be supplied also with a rule stating that the InformationRealization realizes an InformationObject that expresses the Description

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Social objectc
has range
Information realizationc
is inverse of
concretely expressesop

is constituent ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isConstituentOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

'Constituency' depends on some layering of the world described by the ontology. For example, scientific granularities (e.g. body-organ-tissue-cell) or ontological 'strata' (e.g. social-mental-biological-physical) are typical layerings. Intuitively, a constituent is a part belonging to a lower layer. Since layering is actually a partition of the world described by the ontology, constituents are not properly classified as parts, although this kinship can be intuitive for common sense. A desirable advantage of this distinction is that we are able to talk e.g. of physical constituents of non-physical objects (e.g. systems), while this is not possible in terms of parts. Example of are the persons constituting a social system, the molecules constituting a person, the atoms constituting a river, etc. In all these examples, we notice a typical discontinuity between the constituted and the constituent object: e.g. a social system is conceptualized at a different layer from the persons that constitute it, a person is conceptualized at a different layer from the molecules that constitute them, and a river is conceptualized at a different layer from the atoms that constitute it.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
has constituentop

is constraint forop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isConstraintFor

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between parameters and entities. It allows to assert generic constraints (encoded as parameters), e.g. MinimumAgeForDriving isConstraintFor John (where John is a legal subject under the TrafficLaw). The intended semantics (not expressible in OWL) is that a Parameter isConstraintFor and Entity if the Parameter isParameterFor a Concept that classifies that Entity; moreover, it entails that a Parameter parametrizes a Region that isRegionFor that Entity. The use in OWL is therefore a shortcut to annotate what Parameter constrains what Entity

has super-properties
classifiesop
has domain
Parameterc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
has constraintop

is corresponding toop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#is_corresponding_to

has range
f m airspacec

is covered byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isCoveredBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between concepts and collections, where a Concept is said to cover a Collection; it corresponds to a link between the (reified) intensional and extensional interpretations of a (reified) class. E.g. the collection of vintage saxophones is covered by the Concept 'Saxophone' with the Parameter 'Vintage'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Collectionc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
coversop

is defined inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isDefinedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a Description and a Concept, e.g. a Workflow for a governmental Organization defines the Role 'officer', or 'the Italian Traffic Law defines the role Vehicle'.

has super-properties
is concept used inop
has sub-properties
is role defined inop, is task defined inop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
definesop

is described byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isDescribedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The relation between an Entity and a Description: a Description gives a unity to a Collection of parts (the components), or constituents, by assigning a Role to each of them in the context of a whole Object (the system). A same Entity can be given different descriptions, for example, an old cradle can be given a unifying Description based on the original aesthetic design, the functionality it was built for, or a new aesthetic functionality in which it can be used as a flower pot.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
describesop

is event included inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isEventIncludedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-properties
has settingop
has sub-properties
is action included inop
has domain
Eventc
has range
Situationc
is inverse of
includes eventop

is executed inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isExecutedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an action and a task, e.g. 'putting some water in a pot and putting the pot on a fire until the water starts bubbling' executes the task 'boiling'.

has super-properties
classifiesop
has domain
Taskc
has range
Actionc
is inverse of
executes taskop

is expanded inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isExpandedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A partial order relation that holds between descriptions. It represents the proper part relation between a description and another description featuring the same properties as the former, with at least one additional one. Descriptions can be expanded either by adding other descriptions as parts, or by refining concepts that are used by them. An 'intention' to expand must be present (unless purely formal theories are considered, but even in this case a criterion of relevance is usually active).

has super-properties
is related to descriptionop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
expandsop

is expressed byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isExpressedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a dul:SocialObject (the 'meaning') and a dul:InformationObject (the 'expression'). For example: 'A Beehive is a structure in which bees are kept, typically in the form of a dome or box.' (Oxford dictionary)'; 'the term Beehive expresses the concept Beehive in my apiculture ontology'. The intuition for 'meaning' is intended to be very broad. A separate, large comment is included in the encoding of 'expresses', for those who want to investigate more on what kind of meaning can be represented in what form.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
is concept expressed byop
has domain
Social objectc
has range
Information objectc
is inverse of
expressesop

is in the same setting asop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#sameSettingAs

is defined by
http://www.essepuntato.it/tmp/1493311328-ontology

A relation between two entities participating in a same Situation; e.g., 'Our company provides an antivenom service' (the situation is the service, the two entities are the company and the antivenom).

has characteristics: symmetric

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is in the same setting asop, is in the same setting asop

is introduced byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isIntroducedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a Description and a SocialAgent, e.g. a Constitutional Charter introduces the SocialAgent 'PresidentOfRepublic'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Social agentc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
introducesop

is known asop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#isKnownAs

has super-properties
associatedWithop

is location ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isLocationOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A generic, relative localization, holding between any entities. E.g. 'Rome is the seat of the Pope', 'the liver is the location of the tumor'. For 'absolute' locations, see SpaceRegion

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
has locationop

is member ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isMemberOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between collections and entities, e.g. 'the Night Watch by Rembrandt is in the Rijksmuseum collection'; 'Davide is member of the Pen Club', 'Igor is one the subjects chosen for the experiment'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Collectionc
is inverse of
has memberop

is object included inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isObjectIncludedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-properties
has settingop
has sub-properties
is agent included inop
has domain
Objectc
has range
Situationc
is inverse of
includes objectop

is observable atop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isObservableAt

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation to represent a (past, present or future) TimeInterval at which an Entity is observable. In order to encode a specific time, a data value should be related to the TimeInterval. An alternative way of representing time is the datatype property: hasIntervalDate

has super-properties
has regionop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Time intervalc
is inverse of
is time of observation ofop

is ownership ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#isOwnershipOf

has super-properties
associatedWithop

is parameter forop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isParameterFor

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Concept can have a Parameter that constrains the attributes that a classified Entity can have in a certain Situation, e.g. a 4WheelDriver Role definedIn the ItalianTrafficLaw has a MinimumAge parameter on the Amount 16.

has super-properties
is related to conceptop
has domain
Parameterc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
has parameterop

is parametrized byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isParametrizedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The relation between a Parameter, e.g. 'MajorAge', and a Region, e.g. '>17 year'.

has super-properties
is classified byop
has domain
Regionc
has range
Parameterc
is inverse of
parametrizesop

is part ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isPartOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between any entities, e.g.'brain is a part of the human body'.

has characteristics: transitive

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
is component ofop, part of countryop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
has partop

is participant inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isParticipantIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an object and a process, e.g. 'John took part in the discussion', 'a large mass of snow fell during the avalanche', or 'a cook, some sugar, flour, etc. are all present in the cooking of a cake'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
is agent involved inop
has domain
Objectc
has range
Eventc
is inverse of
has participantop

is postcondition ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isPostconditionOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Direct succession applied to situations. E.g., 'Taking some rest is a postcondition of my search for a hotel'.

has super-properties
directly followsop
has domain
Eventcor Situationc
has range
Eventcor Situationc
is inverse of
has postconditionop

is precondition ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isPreconditionOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Direct precedence applied to situations. E.g., 'claiming to find nuclear weapons in a foreign country is a precondition to declare war against it'.

has super-properties
directly precedesop
has domain
Eventcor Situationc
has range
Eventcor Situationc
is inverse of
has preconditionop

is quality ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isQualityOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between entities and qualities, e.g. 'Dmitri's skin is yellowish'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Qualityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
has qualityop

is realized byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isRealizedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an information realization and an information object, e.g. the paper copy of the Italian Constitution realizes the text of the Constitution.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Information objectc
has range
Information realizationc
is inverse of
realizesop

is reference ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isReferenceOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between information objects and any Entity (including information objects). It can be used to talk about e.g. entities are references of proper nouns: the proper noun 'Leonardo da Vinci' isAbout the Person Leonardo da Vinci; as well as to talk about sets of entities that can be described by a common noun: the common noun 'person' isAbout the set of all persons in a domain of discourse, which can be represented in DOLCE-Ultralite as an individual of the class: Collection . The isReferenceOf relation is irreflexive, differently from its inverse isAbout.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Information objectc
is inverse of
is aboutop

is reference of information realized byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isReferenceOfInformationRealizedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The relation between entities and information realizations, e.g. between Italy and a paper copy of the text of the Italian Constitution.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Information realizationc
is inverse of
realizes information aboutop

is region forop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isRegionFor

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between entities and regions, e.g. 'the color of my car is red'.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
is time interval ofop, is time of observation ofop
has domain
Regionc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
has regionop

is related to conceptop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isRelatedToConcept

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any relation between concepts, e.g. superordinated, conceptual parthood, having a parameter, having a task, superordination, etc.

has characteristics: symmetric

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
has parameterop, has taskop, is parameter forop, is subordinated toop, is superordinated toop, is task ofop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
is related to conceptop, is related to conceptop

is related to descriptionop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isRelatedToDescription

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Any relation between descriptions.

has characteristics: symmetric

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
expandsop, is expanded inop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
is related to descriptionop, is related to descriptionop

is reported byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#isReportedBy

Authors:
datAcron-project

An Information entity (e.g. Document) that has been reported by another entity. For example a blacklist report that has been reported by a maritime authority

has super-properties
associatedWithop

is role defined inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isRoleDefinedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a description and a role, e.g. the role 'Ingredient' is defined in the recipe for a cake.

has super-properties
is defined inop
has domain
Rolec
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
defines roleop

is role ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isRoleOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an object and a role, e.g. 'student' is the role of 'John'.

has super-properties
classifiesop
has domain
Rolec
has range
Objectc
is inverse of
has roleop

is route for portop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#isRouteForPort

has domain
marine routec
has range
portc

is satisfied byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isSatisfiedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a Situation and a Description, e.g. the execution of a Plan satisfies that plan.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Situationc
is inverse of
satisfiesop

is setting forop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isSettingFor

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between situations and entities, e.g. 'this morning I've prepared my coffee with a new fantastic Arabica', i.e.: the preparation of my coffee this morning is the setting for (an amount of) a new fantastic Arabica.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
includes eventop, includes objectop, includes timeop
has domain
Situationc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
has settingop

is specialized byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isSpecializedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A partial order relation that holds between social objects. It represents the subsumption relation between e.g. a Concept and another Concept that is broader in extensional interpretation, but narrowe in intensional interpretation. E.g. PhDStudent Role specializes Student Role

has characteristics: transitive

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Social objectc
has range
Social objectc
is inverse of
specializesop

is standard instrument arrival for airportop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#isStandardInstrumentArrivalForAirport

Authors:
datAcron-project
has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
standard instrument arrivalc
has range
aerodromec

is standard instrument departure for airportop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#isStandardInstrumentDepartureForAirport

Authors:
datAcron-project
has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
standard instrument departurec
has range
aerodromec

is subordinated toop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isSubordinatedTo

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Direct succession applied to concepts. E.g. the role 'Officer' is subordinated to 'Director'.

has super-properties
directly followsop
is related to conceptop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
is superordinated toop

is superordinated toop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isSuperordinatedTo

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Direct precedence applied to concepts. E.g. the role 'Executive' is superordinated to 'DepartmentManager'.

has super-properties
directly precedesop
is related to conceptop
has domain
Conceptc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
is subordinated toop

is task defined inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isTaskDefinedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a description and a task, e.g. the task 'boil' is defined in a recipe for a cake.

has super-properties
is defined inop
has domain
Taskc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
defines taskop

is task ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isTaskOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between roles and tasks, e.g. 'students have the duty of giving exams' (i.e. the Role 'student' hasTask the Task 'giving exams').

has super-properties
is related to conceptop
has domain
Taskc
has range
Rolec
is inverse of
has taskop

is time included inop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isTimeIncludedIn

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl
has super-properties
has settingop
has domain
Time intervalc
has range
Situationc
is inverse of
includes timeop

is time interval ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isTimeIntervalOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The generic relation between time intervals and events.

has super-properties
is region forop
has domain
Time intervalc
has range
Eventc
is inverse of
has time intervalop

is time of observation ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isTimeOfObservationOf

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation to represent a (past, present or future) TimeInterval at which an Entity is observable. In order to encode a specific time, a data value should be related to the TimeInterval. An alternative way of representing time is the datatype property: hasIntervalDate

has super-properties
is region forop
has domain
Time intervalc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is observable atop

is type ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#isTypeOf

has sub-properties
has aircraft modelop
has domain
Objectc
has range
Setc

is unified byop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#isUnifiedBy

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Collection has a unification criterion, provided by a Description; for example, a community of practice can be unified by a shared theory or interest, e.g. the community that makes research on mirror neurons shares some core knowledge about mirror neurons, which can be represented as a Description MirrorNeuronTheory that unifies the community. There can be several unifying descriptions.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Collectionc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
unifiesop

near toop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#nearTo

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

Generic distance relation between any Entity(s). E.g. Rome is near to Florence, astronomy is near to physics.

has characteristics: symmetric

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
near toop, near toop

occursop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#occurs

has domain
eventc
has range
trajectory partc

of airspace layerop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ofAirspaceLayer

has super-properties
associatedWithop

of moving objectop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#ofMovingObject

has range
moving objectc

overlapsop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#overlaps

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A schematic relation between any entities, e.g. 'the chest region overlaps with the abdomen region', 'my spoken words overlap with hers', 'the time of my leave overlaps with the time of your arrival', 'fibromyalgia overlaps with other conditions'. Subproperties and restrictions can be used to specialize overlaps for objects, events, time intervals, etc.

has characteristics: symmetric

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
overlapsop, overlapsop

parametrizesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#parametrizes

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The relation between a Parameter, e.g. 'MajorAgeLimit', and a Region, e.g. '18_year'. For a more data-oriented relation, see hasDataValue

has super-properties
classifiesop
has domain
Parameterc
has range
Regionc
is inverse of
is parametrized byop

part of countryop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#partOfCountry

has super-properties
is part ofop
has domain
placec
has range
countryc

precedesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#precedes

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between entities, expressing a 'sequence' schema. E.g. 'year 1999 precedes 2000', 'deciding what coffee to use' precedes 'preparing coffee', 'World War II follows World War I', 'in the Milan to Rome autoroute, Bologna precedes Florence', etc. It can then be used between tasks, processes, time intervals, spatially locate objects, situations, etc. Subproperties can be defined in order to distinguish the different uses.

has characteristics: transitive

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
directly precedesop
has domain
Entityc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
followsop

realizesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#realizes

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between an information realization and an information object, e.g. the paper copy of the Italian Constitution realizes the text of the Constitution.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Information realizationc
has range
Information objectc
is inverse of
is realized byop

realizes information aboutop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#realizesInformationAbout

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

The relation between entities and information realizations, e.g. between Italy and a paper copy of the text of the Italian Constitution.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Information realizationc
has range
Entityc
is inverse of
is reference of information realized byop

reports trajectoryop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#reportsTrajectory

satisfiesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#satisfies

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A relation between a Situation and a Description, e.g. the execution of a Plan satisfies that plan.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Situationc
has range
Descriptionc
is inverse of
is satisfied byop

sovereignt ofop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#sovereignt_of

Authors:
datAcron-project

Example: the EEZ of a country, is under the sovereignt of that country

has super-properties
has dependence toop

specializesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#specializes

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A partial order relation that holds between social objects. It mainly represents the subsumption relation between e.g. a Concept or Description and another Concept (resp. Description) that is broader in extensional interpretation, but narrower in intensional interpretation. For example, the role PhDStudent specializes the role Student. Another possible use is between a Collection that isCoveredBy a Concept A, and another Collection that isCoveredBy a Concept B that on its turm specializes A. For example, the 70,000 series Selmer Mark VI saxophone Collection specializes the Selmer Mark VI saxophone Collection.

has characteristics: transitive

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Social objectc
has range
Social objectc
is inverse of
is specialized byop

unifiesop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#unifies

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A Collection has a unification criterion, provided by a Description; for example, a community of practice can be unified by a shared theory or interest, e.g. the community that makes research on mirror neurons shares some core knowledge about mirror neurons, which can be represented as a Description MirrorNeuronTheory that unifies the community. There can be several unifying descriptions.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Collectionc
is inverse of
is unified byop

uses conceptop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl#usesConcept

is defined by
http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl

A generic relation holding between a Description and a Concept. In order to be used, a Concept must be previously definedIn another Description. This last condition cannot be encoded for object properties in OWL.

has super-properties
associatedWithop
has sub-properties
definesop
has domain
Descriptionc
has range
Conceptc
is inverse of
is concept used inop

vessel registered at portop back to ToC or Property ToC

IRI: http://www.datacron-project.eu/datAcron#vesselRegisteredAtPort

has domain
vesselc
has range
placec